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Current Issue

Teachers’ as counselor in inclusive classrooms

Author: 
Dr. Rashmi Mehrotra and Shadma Yasmeen
Abstract: 

The Guidance and counseling services are very important for the holistic development of children. The provision of Guidance and Counseling services is unavailable in most of the schools due to varied reasons. The lack of availability of counselors is one of them. New B.Ed. curriculum lays emphasis on preparing a teacher who can handle inclusive classrooms. Inclusive classrooms will have students across disabilities and waiting for a counselor to solve the problems of the students will not be possible, hence the teacher needs to be equipped with ways of handling such situations themselves. The changing scenario of the Tech Savvy Indian society makes counseling inevitable for students at Senior Secondary level. In the Indian scenario, the policies are in place but not properly implemented. The significance of the role of a teacher as a counselor or the importance of a counselor is not understood by the parents or society as whole. Parents are not comfortable visiting a counselor as they feel that visiting him means their child is suffering from some mental disorder. One way of handling this problem is to empower teachers with the counseling techniques as they are more acquainted with students.

Strength of reinforced concrete beam using dual grade concrete

Author: 
Rohan S. Shreshthi and Chetan S. Patil
Abstract: 

The purpose of this work was to investigate the use two different grades of concrete in one single structural beam unit. A beam is specified with two zones as compression zone and tension zone. Compression zone arise at top part of neutral axis and tension zone arise at bottom part of neutral axis. Here in case of reinforced concrete beam, steel plays a vital role to support especially in tension zone. Here, to simply investigate, the process of using high grade concrete above Neutral axis and low-grade concrete below neutral axis by using nominal steel is done. For this experimental project, High grade concrete of M 60 is used and Low-grade concrete of M 20 is used.
For getting pre-execution remark, we have casted concrete cubes with dual grade concrete by keeping 30 mm interval along depth, and separate M 20 and M60 grade cubes. The result shows that dual grade concrete cubes achieve average strength of 100+30% as compare to M20 for 7 days and up to 55 to 60 % as compare to M60 for 7 days. And, average strength achieved is up to 70 % of M60 for 28 days. And average strength achieved is 100+55% of M20 for 28 days. Further, PC beams and Reinforced Concrete beams with double grade concrete has been casted.

Behavior of rc slabs under static loadusing high performance fiber reinforced concrete

Author: 
Kiran.T. and Sadath Ali Khan Zai
Abstract: 

High performance concrete being one of the most widely used concretewhich gives better performance and uniformity requirements that cannot always be achieved by using conventional concrete, since the conventional concrete has limited resistance to ductility and tensile cracking to overcome these difficulties discrete fibers are used in high performance concrete.Slab is a flexural member which transverse the superimposed loads from super structure to beams and columns. In static tests the ultimate load carrying capacity in structural design is one of the important factor.The present research is aimed at experimental investigation focused on the behavior of high performance fibre reinforced concrete slabs under static loading. A series of twelvetest slab specimens of size 600 mm x 600 mm with varying thickness of 60 mm, 50 mm and40 mm were casted and tested under fixed edge condition. M60 grade of concrete mix integrated with Polypropylene fiber of 900 gms/m3of concrete and 0.65% steel fiber by volume fraction. Load cells and LVDT’s are used to measure the load-deflection response. To study ductility index, toughness index and energy absorption capacity and cracking moment and consequently the load carrying capacity of test slab specimens from the load-deflection curve to access the enhancement in flexural strength using different fibre reinforced concrete matrices and same is to be optimize.

How grasping gender-related aspects of speech is increased by multi-modal text analysis – A Case study

Author: 
Saad Eid S. Albaqami
Abstract: 

This article presents a short overview of how men and women differ in male–female conversations. It also tests gender differences as well as three linguistic tools: tag questions, hedges and controlling talk. The article shows differences on the basis of gender and that men and women alter their strategies to increase their power through talk. Men practice their power overtly, while women do so politely. The article also presents a solid outcome of the different significant linguistic devices in multi-modal text analysis.

Defensive role of Indian spice curcumin against nicotine induced damage on lung tissue in male albino rat

Author: 
Thejomoorthy, M.
Abstract: 

Curcumin is a yellow colouring ingredient of the spice turmeric obtained from the rhizome of Curcuma longa Linn (Zingiberaceae). It has a wide spectrum of biological and pharmaceutical activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, antiviral, anti-mutagenic, and anti-carcinogenic and anti-oxidant activities. Nicotine is the principal alkaloid contained in tobacco,nicotine metabolism has been shown to occur to a small extent in extrahepatic organs such as lung, kidney and brain. Pathogen free, Wistar strain male albino rats were used in the present study, Age matched rats were be divided into 4 groups of six in each group and treated as follows: Group I. Normal Control (NC) (Control rats received 0.9% saline). Group II. Nicotine treated (Nt) (at a dose of 0.6 mg/ kg body weight by subcutaneous injection for a period of 2 months). Group III. Rats will receive the nicotine with a dose of 0.6 mg/kg body weight by subcutaneous injection and Curcumin extract 50mg/kg body weight (after the standardization) via orogastric tube for a period of 2 months. The animals were sacrificed after 24 hours after the last treatment by cervical dislocation and isolated the lung tissue washed with ice-cold saline, immediately immersed in liquid nitrogen and stored at -800 C for biochemical analysis and enzymatic assays. In the present study the Malondialdehydehyde (MDA), were significantly increased in nicotine treated rats in the lung tissue and reduced was observed in the combination treatment (Nt+Cur), Whereas Glutathione s-transferase, Xanthion oxidase (XOD), Cytochrome-C- oxidase and Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase were considerably decreased in nicotine treated rats meanwhile In all the experimental animals upregulated of enzymes was observed in the lung tissue (combination treatment of Nt+Cur ). The present study has been undertaken to evaluate the antioxidant property of Curcumin on lung tissue, Keeping in view of the relative importance of Curcumin on nicotine induced oxidative stress in male albino rats.

Accuracy comparison between gps-only and combined gps plus glonass

Author: 
Rozh ABDULMAJED and Ramazan Alpay ABBAK
Abstract: 

The aim of this study is to compare Global Positioning System GPS-only and combined GPS+GLONASS when using Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) for Real Time Kinematic (RTK) and static methods. Nowadays using DGPS for different purposes are so common and attracts many users, especially for surveying and mapping applications. Also identifying the benefits and challenges of a combined GPS and GLONASS system for post-processed static, and RTK method are important. Thus additional GNSS constellation allows for more reliable and precise surveying, particularly in urban areas and areas with heavy tree cover, ravines, open pit mines and usually when various obstacles block the satellite signals. The addition of GLONASS observations could speed up the solution convergence time and improving the accuracy and precision of the position estimates. Moreover, for daily static, the benefits of integrating GLONASS to the current GPS can provide a better quality in position, and a better satellite geometry by increasing number of satellites.

Rethinking of the law of gravity

Author: 
Shiyuan Dai
Abstract: 

Isaac Newton published the law of gravity more than 300 years ago, it had a profound influence to the world, however, carefully taste the law of gravity, and there are a lot of natural phenomena puzzling, if use the law of universal gravitation, fundamental explanation, the author through a large number of books and literature reading and in-depth study, put forward the ideas about the different gravity, and the revised the size of the gravity and direction, in our view, can explain many of the original law of universal gravitation of natural phenomena to give a satisfactory explanation.

Study of job satisfaction among college teachers in relation to their gender and nature of job

Author: 
Harsangeet Kaur
Abstract: 

The presents study was conducted to study of job satisfaction among college teachers in relation to their gender and nature of job. This study consists of data from different colleges of Ferozepur district. The data was collected through mailing, questionnaire and personal visits. The descriptive statistical technique was used for analysis of the data. Result of study revealed that there is no significant differnece exists in job satisfaction of male and female college teachers and there is no significant differnece exists in job satisfaction of male and female college teachers working on permanent and ad-hoc basis.

Concentrations of selected metals in coffee (coffea arabica) beans, leaves and supportive soil of gedeo zone, Ethiopia

Author: 
Wondimeneh Dubale, Ahmed Hussen, Vegi Maheswara Rao
Abstract: 

The concentration levels of some selected common (Mg, K, Ca), heavy (Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) and toxic metals (Cd and Pb) were determined in coffee (Coffea arabica) beans, leaves and supportive soil of Gedeo zone, Ethiopia using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometer after microwave digestion of the samples. In coffee beans, among the common metals, concentration of K was determined to be the highest followed by that of Mg and Ca. Out of heavy metals, Cu is present in highest concentration followed by Mn, Zn, Co, Ni and Cr. Similar to coffee beans, in coffee leaves also common metal of highest concentration is K, but followed by Ca and Mg. In soil samples, out of common metals Mg is found to have highest concentration followed by Ca and K. Toxic metals were not detected in all the samples except Cd in soil. This study indicates the presence of all the nutrients under study, with considerable amounts in the coffee beans. In addition, coffee leaves are found to be competitive with the coffee beans in terms of nutrient content. Therefore, this study suggests that coffee leaves may be used for preparing coffee beverage similar to tea. The levels of studied metals in coffee beans and leaves were below the maximum permissible limits set by FAO/WHO and Codex Alimentarius Commission.

Preliminary phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of wrightia tinctoria r.br

Author: 
Deshmukh, O. S.
Abstract: 

The screening and study of selected Indian medicinal plant Wrightia tinctoria R.Br., were selected for phytochemical screening and antibacterial studies. The solvents used for the extraction of plant roots were ethanol, benzene, chloroform, acetone, petroleum ether and distilled water. The Gram-Postive and Gram-negative bacteria Yeast candida, Aspergillus niger, Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericha coli, Salmonella typhi, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas fluorescence, Klebsiella pneumonia and Streptococus pyogenes. were tested. The results obtained in the present study suggest that preliminary phytochemical analysis detected the presence of Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Terpenoids, Steroids, Cumarins, Carbohydrates and Tanins. The Wrightia tinctoria R. Br. could be used in treating diseases caused by the test organisms.

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