Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM
Many studies have been conducted to determine the effect of light on broiler performance, and many others on the effect of stocking density. However, there has been a very few investigation on the influence of light color on intestinal morphology of broilers. This study intended to evaluate the effects of color lights and bird density as it relates to small intestine (villi length and crypt depth ) of broilers.A total of 675Ross 308 one-day-old broiler chicks were used in this study. The birds were exposed to white light (WL) as a control , red light (RL), blue light (BL), green light (GL), and Blue – Green mix light (BGL) by a light-emitting diode system (LED) applied for 24 hours daily in separated rooms. The birds were randomly divided and housed into 9 wooden sealed pens of 1m2 in three replicates for each density 12, 15 and 18 birds/m2 in the room.
Background: The lymph nodes are an essential part of the body's immune system and as such are affected in many infections, autoimmune, metabolic and malignant diseases. The cervical region lymph nodes are particularly important because they are the first drainage site from key point of contact (mouth/eyes/ears/respiratory system) and can represent an early clinical sign in their exposed position on a child's slim neck.
Aims and Objectives: a) To evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration cytology in cervical lymphadenopathy in pediatric age group. b) To study the cytopathological profile of children from Rural India (Hapur) in cervical lymphadenopathy.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted from February 2015 to June 2016. Fine Needle Aspiration Diagnosis was correlated with detail of relevant clinical findings and investigation. A total of 150 patients were subjected to FNAC of cervical lymph node lesions. FNAC was performed using 22/ 23 gauge needle attached to 10 ml plastic disposable syringe.
Results: In this study 150 patients were subjected to FNAC for cervical lymphadenopathy. The male: female ratio in this study was 1.21:1, with a slight male preponderance. Maximum number of patients were in the 13 – 18 years age group (59 cases, 39.33%) followed by the age group 1 month – 6 years (46 cases, 30.67%) age group.
Conclusion: Our study concluded that FNAC is simple, quick, minimally invasive, and inexpensive technique to diagnose cervical lymphadenopathy. It can differentiate a neoplastic from a nonneoplastic process and therefore influence patient management preventing patient from being subjected to unnecessary surgery.
In this study, commercially available four different bio-fertilizers have been used. 1) Cocktail mychorrhiza, which contained 9 species of mychorrhiza; Glomus aggregatum, Glomus clarum, Glomus deserticola, Glomus etunicatum, Glomus intraradices, Glomus mosseae, Glomus monosporus, Glomus brasilianum, Gigaspora margarita, 2) Bacteria (Seranade) which contained Basillus subtilis, 3) Bacteria (Roa Natura) which contained Arthrobactersp, 4) Microalgae (Allgrow) which contained Chlorella spp., and chemical fertilizers used in conventional farming were applied to the control plants. Plants were grown in pots in a controlled medium to avoid contamination. The lettuce plants grown under different treatments were compared at the end of the study; the yield, head circumference, diameter and height dimensions of the product, fresh and dry weights, chlorophyll content and the macro-and micro-nutrient element contents were investigated. As a result, with the use of bio-fertilizers in the plants, they benefited more from the nutrient elements efficiently. The addition of beneficial microorganisms to the soil in greenhouse cultivation affected the yield and quality positively.
In this paper introducing the basic terms used in cryptography and then move on to discuss public key cryptography in more detail. We give the definitions of two public key systems, one for key exchange and one for encryption, and show how they can be adapted for use with elliptic curves. Most of the cryptographic definitions and explanations are well known and here the basics are discussed. Elgamal cryptosystems and Diffie- Hellman Cryptosystem is explained.
The global economy slow-down have seriously impact to financial market performance and Indonesian economic as well. However, as a consequently, some macroeconomic targets might be difficult to be realized. Although economic slowdown still running away, some aspect of regional resources can be managed optimally for encouraging national target of economic growth of Indonesia. This study focuses on the impact of central authorities of fiscal and monetary policy combined that will be impact on regional dimension context, especially for investigating financial market nd deepening process that might be have significant impact to riel sector in regional economic context. This research found that the real GDP growth of the three economic corridor have difference performance impact and outcome between Java corridor, non Java with mineral and forest production (Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua) and non Java tourism and Food production ( Bali, NTB, NTT).
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable diseases and premature death. Smoking can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and 10 different forms of cancer. Cigarette smoking is said to be responsible for over 25 diseases in humans some of which include chronic bronchitis, ischaemic heart disease and cancers of the lung, oral cavity, urinary bladder, pancreas, and larynx. Smokers also face a much greater risk of premature death than non-smokers. Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for periodontal disease. Cigarette smoking is considered to be the single most important factor responsible for the high prevalence of cancer and for death related to cancer. The aim of this study was to review the literature on knowledge and attitudes of ill-effects of smoking.
45F1 maize hybrids produced through a line x tester mating and 15 inbred lines and 3 testers were evaluated with three replication at Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur to determine the genetic parameters governing the inheritance of grain yield and quantitative traits. The genetic parameters studied among the traits included the mean performance, genotypic variances, phenotypic variances, genotype by environment variances, broad sense heritability and phenotypic and genotypic correlation coefficients. Significant differences were recorded for all traits studied thereby revealing the diversity of the maize genotypes. The grain yield and biological yield which showed high heritability had high genotypic variances suggesting the involvement of additive gene action. Germination %, seedling length (cm) and protein content (%) showed the highest heritability and low genotypic variance suggesting the preponderance of non-additive gene action. Grain yield was positively and strongly correlated with biological yield, germination%, harvest index and seed vigour index. The positive relationships observed in this study imply that the desirable traits in these hybrids could be exploited in further breeding activities for the development of composites and synthetics for the resource constrained maize farmers who cannot access hybrid seeds every year.
The fabrication and testing of an integrated micro-fluidic sample delivery system for polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) micro-fluidic channel is reported. Adopting a multi-disciplinary approach to the establishment of core platform technologies, we brought together physical chemistry, biochemistry, surface science and micro-fabrication technology. The fluidic channel is designed in Mentor Graphics® IC layout, and transferred to a flexible transparency which will act as a photo-mask during contact photolithography. A negative photosensitive epoxy resin (SU-8 50) is dispensed and processed upon a silicon substrate. Exposure to a UV source permits the patterning of the epoxy resin, and the fabrication of a re-usable master mould. Casting the PDMS against the mould yields a polymeric replica containing the designed fluidic channel. Finally, the oxidation of the PDMS by a handheld tesla coil permits the irreversible bonding of the polydimethylsiloxane to a selected substrate. This micro fluidic channel was tested in thin film micro-sensor for clinical applications. Potential applications for this integrated micro-fluidic systems are also discussed.
Rice commodity business is always constrained in situations of risk and uncertainty, which in turn affect technical efficiency. With the information about inputs that increase risk (risk increasing) and a reduced risk (risk decrearising) will help farmers face and avoid risk productivity of paddy. This study aims to estimate technical efficiency and productivity of farmers' risk behavior. Risk productivity were analyzed using Model Khumbakar. Research sites in four districts in Jambi province are considered belong to production center. In general, technical efficiency of rice commodities business in category is moderate, the behavior of rice farmers in face the risk of productivity included in category of avoiding risk (risk averse). Factors that can affect farmers to take more risks, a policy to do is (1) the policy of increasing productivity by introducing modern technologies to farmers (2) mentoring by extension, increase energy agricultural extension so that farmers obtain counseling is better and easier to obtain information on input use optimal (3) add to amount of capital assistance for farmers to undertake the guidance and supervision of aid distributed (4) improving the network of partnerships between farmers, gapoktan, banks and other economies that can support procurement of inputs, credit and marketing.
The current study utilises turmeric as a natural preservative and colorant. Turmeric consists of three main components namely curcumin, demethoxy curcumin and bidemethoxy curcumin that are responsible for its bright yellow colour. Lemon strengthens the immune system and cleanses the stomach. Ginger maintains normal blood circulation, improves absorption, combats stomach discomfort and strengthens immunity. The objective of the current study was to study the effect of turmeric and ginger as natural additives in juice. Fresh lemons and ginger were commercially procured from a local store and washed thoroughly. Lemon juice was extracted and filtered using a muslin cloth. Ginger extract was prepared with water in the ratio 2:1 and filtered using a muslin cloth. The Control (C) was formulated using lemon juice (10%), water (80%) and sugar (10%). 0.15% of turmeric was the constant amount added to all the experimental trials, increasing which led to impalatability. Lemon ginger juice was formulated in three variations, with varying concentrations of ginger extract (V1-5%, V2-10% and V3-15%). The most acceptable variation was evaluated based on physicochemical, microbial and sensory characteristics. Sensory analysis revealed that V3 was more acceptable than V1 and V2. Physicochemical analysis of V3 revealed pH of 2.70±0.02 and titratable acidity of 0.39±0.004%. Reducing sugars content was found to be 12.5% and total sugars content was 4.25±0.08%. The total soluble solids content was 1.3485ºbrix. It was noted that the colour of the variations was more appealing than the control. Microbial tests revealed that the microbial growth was lesser in V3 than control. The experimental had a shelf life of 25 days when kept at 4°C without the addition of any chemical preservatives. Thus, turmeric can be used as an efficient natural preservative in increasing the shelf life and as a natural colorant in ready to serve beverages.