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On the characterization of lie algebras

Nemaat H. Taleb and Bashir, M. A.

We present Cartan Subalgebra and root system. This leads to the study of Cartan matrix and Dynkin Diagrams. In this paper we study the relationship between Cartan matrix and Dynkin Diagrams.

Entomophagy among the bodos of udalguri district, btad, assam, india

Rabindra Hazarika and Bristina Goyari

The practice of eating insects is common among the ethnic schedule tribes (plains and hills) of North eastern part of India. In Assam, this practice is more prevalent among the Bodos and Rabha tribes, the earliest immigrants in Assam. Bodos, one of the culturally rich community of Assam consumes insects as their traditional diet. The present investigation is carried out in some remote villages of Udalguri District, BTAD, Assam. Altogether 23 species of edible insects belonging order Hemiptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, Lepidoptera, Isoptera and Odonata comprising 21 genera and 16 families have been recorded. It is found that the Giant water bug (Lethocerusindicus, Hem, Belostomatidae) and the Eri silk worm larvae (Samiaricini, Lep, Saturniidae) are more preferred species considering their size and availability. Consumption of insects is more common during festival, for therapeutic purpose and some as the component of folk medicine. Considering the high protein content and supplements such as minerals and vitamins, the practice of entomophagy may contribute towards solving the protein shortage in this region. The indigenous knowledge gathered during present investigation is likely to prove particularly useful in carrying out further research.

Anti-microbial activity and phytochemical assay of busikad (cyperuskyllianga) leaf extract against staphylococcus aureus and escherichia coli

Julie S. Berame, Rissa L. Mercado

Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli are major causes of enteric diseases, urinary tract infections (UTI). This is carried by 20-30% of human population responsible for health associated infections. The paper aims to verify the ethno botanical use of the plant Cyperuskyllingia to validate its alleged antimicrobial property as well as to determine the secondary plant metabolites behind its activity. The result showed that both plant secondary metabolites such as alkaloids and phlobatanin were found in all solvent-extracts while both reducing sugar andsaponins are absent in all leaf extracts. On the other hand, leaf extracts of C. kyllingiashowed slightly more pronounced activity against Staphylococcus aureus than Escherichia coli but not to a point where the difference between its activities is statistically significant. Propanol extracts at concentration of 100 mg/mL (20 mm) showed higher activity than extracts at the same concentration on other solvent-extracts. Ethanol extract and distilled water extracts showed better activity against Escherichia coli with a very active inhibition of 20 mm which is closer to the zone inhibited by standard antibiotic Amikacin with a constant 30 mm inhibition against both bacteria. In reference with the standard of zones and inhibition and corresponding inferences by Guevara et al all three plant extracts and on two concentration (75 mg/mL and 100 mg/mL) have active to very active antimicrobial activity against two pathogens.

Association of h. pylori infection with gastroduodenal disease: a cross sectional study

Dr. Kalaigandi, V. and Anjana, V. V.

The 180 patients of both gender between 10 80 years having symptoms of dyspepsia, are subjected to endoscopic examination. The incidence of Helicobacter pylori is highest between 41 50 years (72%) with male to female ratio of 2:3.Low socio economic status have a high incidence of Helicobacter pylori (65%) and (80%) in patients having a family history of dyspepsia. The colonization of helicobacter is related to life style i.e. habituation to smoking (76%), addicted to alcohol (36.5%) and beetle nut (3%). Higher incidence is in O+ve blood group. Non vegetarians are more for Helicobacter pylori infection than vegetarians and patients consuming spicy foods (80%) and pickles, chutneys containing excess chillies (90%). The biopsy specimens are collected in transport medium containing physiological saline and trimethoprim, processed under aseptic measures within two hours of collection. The standard tests, direct smear, rapid urease and culture were done. Helicobacter pylori was declared positive if the bacteria were identified by at least any two of the three diagnostic methods. Direct biopsy smear positive are 63, followed by rapid urease 53 and 49 are culture positive. Out of 49 culture positive cases, 31 are pure isolates of Helicobacter pylori and the rest are along with other organisms like Pseudomonas species, Proteus species and Klebsiella species. The colonisation is more common in pylorus (57.2%) than the anterior wall, posterior wall and duodenum. Forty nine isolates of Helicobacter pylori were subjected to antibiotic sensitivity testing. The incidence of Helicobacter pylori by various studies all over the world and in our country has been well documented and the present study is consistent with other studies all over the world. This study evaluates and is proved beyond doubt that there is a strong association between the presence of Helicobacter pylori and acid peptic diseases.

Formulation of antioxidant tea by utilizing pomegranate peel & spices

Mishra Malvika and Singh Neetu

The use of plants as food and medicinal remedies since ancient times is partially attributed to the biological efficacy of secondary metabolites that possess antioxidant activities such as phenolic compounds, vitamins C and E, and carotenoids. Tea extracts are powerful antioxidants due to the presence of chemical compounds such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epicatechin gallate (ECG), epigallocatechin (EGC) and epicatechin (EC). The waste materials such as the peels and pomace are a source of sugars, minerals and organic acids, dietary fibers and phenolics which have a wide range of actions which includes antioxidants, antimutagenic, cardio preventive, antibacterial and antiviral activities. In recent years, due to a incredible growth in processed food and fruit-processing industries, tones of by-products are produced. These by-products are potential sources of both antioxidant and nutraceutical components that can be explored. The pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) has been regarded as a “healing food” with numerous beneficial effects in several diseases. Indeed, the pomegranate was commonly used in folk medicine, for eliminating parasites, as an anthelmintic and vermifuge, and to treat and cure aphthae, ulcers, diarrhea, acidosis, dysentery, hemorrhage, microbial infections, and respiratory pathologies. Pomegranate peels yield more of the powerful antioxidants such as flavonoids, phenolics, and proanthocyanins than what the pulp yields. Cinnamon bark of a variety of cinnamon species is one of the most important and accepted spices used worldwide not only for cooking, but as well in traditional and modern medicines. Cinnamon has several health benefits such as anti-inflammatory, antiemetic, nematocidal, mosquito larvicidal (Cheng et al., 2004), insecticidal, ant mycotic and anticancer agent. Lemon peels contain about 5 to 10 times more vitamins than lemon juice they contain high amounts of calcium and vitamin C, lemon peels have been shown to aid preventing osteoporosis, inflammatory polyarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Researches and issues in teacher education

Dr. N. K. Singh

Researcher has tried to explore that why teacher education programmed to criticized in past decades and how unfitted for society. Jvc Committee in India has concentrated on teacher Education programme and suggested the syllabus should be correlated with school and society. NCERT has developed the courses for teacher Education in directions of NCTE as per recommendations of Jvc. For it VBSPU Jaunpur (UP) has developed the teacher Educational course as per rules and in which the content is analyzed in this study and found that the course is committed based Jvc.

Performance evaluation of different growth regulators on propagation of firebush (hamelia patens jacq.) in subtropical zone

Chowdhuri, T.K.,

The present investigation was carried out to study the effect of different growth regulators on propagation of firebush (Hamelia patens Jacq.) in subtropical zone of West Bengal under naturally ventilated polyhouse equipped with foggers at Instructional Farm, Jaguli, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, West Bengal. Significant differences among the treatments (IAA @1000ppm, IAA@2000ppm, IAA @3000ppm, IBA @1000ppm, IBA @2000ppm, IBA @3000ppm, NAA @1000ppm, NAA @2000ppm, NAA @3000ppm and Control) on root emergence and proliferation were noticed. After two consecutive years of studied, this plant can successfully propagate by tip cutting with IAA @ 3000ppm followed by IBA @ 3000ppm and NAA @ 1000ppm for rapid multiplication of this plant in sub-tropical zone of West Bengal during rainy season.

Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacological evaluation of vernonia anthelmintica (l.) willd.: an overview

Patel Alpa K. and Bhalerao S. A.

Medicinal plants are the nature’s gift to human being to have disease free healthy life. It plays a vital role to preserve our health. Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd. is a potential medicinal plant and the seeds were used for many human aliments. In the Ayurveda, an Indian system of medicine, the seeds were used to cure helminthes parasites, skin diseases, leucoderma and fevers, while in Unani system seeds were used to controlling asthma, renal disorders, itching of eyes and inflammations. Seeds decoction used in dysentery, gonorrhea, gastric troubles and seed paste applied externally to scorpion sting and decoction given orally to control helminthes parasites.

A comparative clinical study of palasha ksharasutra and apamarga ksharasutra in the management of bhagandara (fistula-in-ano)

Dr. Kunal Kishore, Dr. Munde Bharat Janardan Rao and Dr. Chandrakanth Halli

This research work aims towards study effect of washing on dyed Himalayan Nettle, Cotton and their blends. For this 100% Himalayan Nettle, 100% Cotton and Cotton X Nettle (60 X 40) blends in counts of 3s, 5s, 6s, 7s and 8s are developed. The results obtained are critically analysed.

Evaluation of popular functional christologies among the ndia christians of kirinyaga west sub county in Kenya

Hezron Mwangi, Josiah Murage and Joshiah Osamba

The study evaluated popular functional Christologies among the Christians of Ndia in Kirinyaga West sub-county, Kenya. Popular Christologies reflect people’s real understanding of Jesus Christ. The objectives of the study were to establish social, political and economic functional Christologies among Ndia. The target population comprised of all churches in Ndia, which comprised of 25 Catholic, 29 Anglican, six Lutheran, six Presbyterian, 40 Pentecostal and ten Afro-Pentecostal congregations with an estimate population of 11,600 faithfuls.. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The data showed that social, economic and political functional Christologies were well balanced. The study recommends that churches in Ndia encourage people to appreciate the relationship between work and wealth and medicine and healing. It is envisaged that the results of the study will be useful to social workers, scholars, churches, other non-governmental organizations and government agencies intending to or already working with the Ndia people.



               Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM