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Physicochemical and organoleptic properties of cookies made using tender coconut pulp as a fat replacer

Dr. Simmi Jain and Pooja Sree, K.M.

The present study was conducted to understand the effect of substitution of butter with tender coconut pulp in cookies in terms of its physicochemical and organoleptic properties. Three variations of the cookies were formulated; (a) Control (100% butter), (b) Variation 1 (25% tender coconut pulp + 75% butter), (c) Variation 2 (50% tender coconut pulp + 50% butter). The physicochemical analysis of the cookies showed a significant reduction in the fat content and a significant increase in the moisture, protein, fibre and ash content in the cookies made with tender coconut pulp. The control cookies were found to have the highest diameter and spread ratio. The organoleptic properties of the variation cookies were studied through sensory evaluation carried out by semi-trained panellist and the results were found similar for both the variations. The cookies made with tender coconut pulp had a good acceptability.

Food security in kerala- need for a new direction and policy

Dr. Sheeba, V. T.

Food security is a challenge faced by all developing nations today. It is accepted internationally as the index of welfare and prosperity. For a Nation like India which also faces the problem of population explosion, the maintenance of a balance between food production and population becomes a Herculean task. In states like Kerala, there is the multiple challenge of shrinking paddy fields, increasing density of population and shift to other occupations and migrations in search of jobs. To encourage sustainable agricultural productivity in Kerala, land-on-lease system should be reformulated in accordance with the needs of sustainable agriculture production.

Alopecia areata in down syndrome: treatment with systemic steroid - An observation

Mohammad A. Hye

Down syndrome (DS) is the most common congenital abnormality affecting numerous organs including skin and is associated with an increased incidence of alopecia areata (AA). DS is an extensively researched condition but AA seldom received appropriate attention. AA in DS is very refractory to treatment and there are only few relevant published data are available in medical literature. Two cases of alopecia areata associated with Down syndrome are presented here. These patients were treated with a short course of prednisolone; a good result was observed in one case but that was unsatisfactory in another case. The disease relapses in both cases within few months of treatment.

Identification of new TYLCV resistant sources of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)

Jadhav, B. P., Patil M. B., Patil S. Y., Halakude, I. S. and Rajput, J. C.

Tomato yellow leaf curl (TYLCV) is most the dreaded disease which causes yield losses up to 90 per cent in tropical and subtropical countries. The disease is transmitted by white flies (Bemisiatabaci). It is imperative to identify TYLCV resistant sources which could be incorporated in tomato improvement programme. The research work was carried out which resulted in identification of new resistant sources. Three highly resistant (null) and five highly resistant lines were reported out of 30 lines and CLN-3125 and Pusa Ruby were taken as a resistant and susceptible checks, respectively. The seedlings were transplanted 21 days after sowing in Randomized Block Design with three replications. The data were recorded for the characters like marketable fruit yield (t/ha), fruit set (%), average fruit weight (g), virus infected plants (%) for three consecutive years. Transplanting after 77 days in the field, the lines NTL-628, NTL-630 and M-108 were found to be highly resistant (null)and NTL-753 (6.89%), NTL-759 (7.55%), NTL-769 (9.25%), M-54 (6.66%) and M-134 (3.55%) were found to be highly resistant. The remaining lines and susceptible check showed high degree of infestation. The resistant lines were confirmed by inoculating virulent white flies under insect proof net.

Behavioural problems among children with learning disabilities

Aasimeh Rehman and Dr. Humera Shafi

The present research paper highlights the studies that centers on the learning disabilities and behavior problems among children. The research studies have been analyzed to note relationship between learning disabilities and behavior problems among children. Number of research quoted in this review paper highlight externalizing behavioral problems and internalizing behavioral problem of children with learning disabilities. The studies reviewed in this paper form a base to conclude that children with learning disabilities experience behavioral problems to greater extent and hence this paper concludes that while planning intervention programme for children with learning disabilities one has to take care for their behavior problems also. This paper will also help professionals to develop effective educational programme which incorporate strategies for learning disabilities.

Assessment of greenhouse gases from organic fraction of municipal solid waste of Kurnool city, Andhra Pradesh, India

Ramachar, T., Gupta, N.V.S., Ganesh, A. and Ujwala, G.

The major Greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide which emit from the decomposition of biodegradable organic matter by anaerobic bacteria. The emission of these gases from decomposable organic fraction of municipal solid waste also contributes significantly to the global warming. The contribution of methane to global warming is 21 times higher than carbon dioxide. In developing countries the MSW has high decomposable organic matter. This would be the potential source for the GHG’s. Most of the Municipalities in India the MSW is being indiscriminately disposed at the dumping sites. This leads to emission of GHG gases, foul smell, birds and rodents menace, ground and surface water pollution. In the present case study the emission of GHG gas from organic fraction of MSW of Kurnool city has been estimated. At present every day 210 metric tons of MSW is collected which contains 49.70 metric tons of decomposable organic matter. This amounts to 23.66% of fraction of decomposable organic matter. Applying CMD Tool it is estimated that 76,650 tones of GHG CO2 equivalents of GHG’s per year.

Enhancement of normal flour by using dietry fibre & their standerization

Shikha Singh and Neetu Singh

In era of increasing life style diseases among people foods are required for better nutritional management. While considering the nutritional management staple foods are important role in day to day life. Now a days fortified flour and blended flour are available in the market. But demand of supply needed more search to fulfil the requirement of people the present study is a noble steps to meet out this problem and also provide better nutritional management or for curing health hazards. Dietary fibre rich flour is developed by the mixing of rice bran, chickpea peel and whole wheat flour in different ratio(s) and better results obtained in the ratio(s) of rice bran, chickpea peel and whole wheat flour in 10:10:80 in the development of fiber rich flour. Which is further supported by the hedonic scale. Developed product was characterised by sensory evaluation & nutritional analysis.

Physico-chemical and adulteration analysis of buffalo milk at various stages of supply chain in and around Parbhani City

Pudale, P.S. and Deshmukh, V. V.

The percentage of whiteness of milk was higher between range of 75 to 85.4 percent whereas, the yellowish white ranges from 4.1 to 25 percent. The specific gravity of milk at farm was 1.0297 ± 0.002, during transportation 1.0269 ± 0.002 and 1.0255 ± 0.002 at retail shop. The pH of milk was found to be 6.72 ± 0.014 at farm, 6.76 ± 0.015 during transportation and 6.70 ± 0.015 at retail shop. The titratable acidity of milk was observed 0.13 percent at farm, 0.12 percent during transportation and 0.11 percent at retail shop. A total of 31.25 percent samples showed positive Clot on Boiling test at farm and transportation whereas 18.7 percent positivity was seen at retail shop. The alcohol test of milk showed 33.30 percent positivity at farm, 31.25 percent during transportation and 65.41 percent at retail shop. The water adulteration was found to be highest (81.25 percent) during transportation followed by at retail shop (75 percent) and farm (50 percent). All the milk samples at all stages of supply chain were found to be negative for presence of urea, starch and caustic soda. Physico-chemical analysis was found to be of fair quality. Water adulteration was found to be high in majority of milk samples at all levels of supply chain.

Identification of pro-vitamin a maize genotypes for Nepal

Keshab Babu Koirala, Tirtha Raj Rijal, Keshab Prasad Pokhrel, Bikash Ghimire and Gopal Prasad Panthi

Areas where maize is consumed as staple, consumers are suffering from vitamin A deficiency. To tackle this problem, pro-vitamin A maize genotypes both open-pollinated and hybrid types received from International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre were evaluated at National Maize Research Program, Rampur; Horticulture Research Station, Dailekh; Agriculture Research Station, Surkhet and in farmers’ field at Sandhikharka in Arghakhanchi district during summer season of 2014/015. Experiments were consisted of 25 genotypes and planted in rendomized complrte block design with three replications. Poshilo Makai-1 and RML-86 x RML-96 were used as checks. Highly significant differences among the tested genotypes for grain yield were recorded. Likewise, highly significant differences between the locations and significant differences for location by genotypes for grain yield were observed. Results when combined over locations, genotypes namely normal hybrid RML-86 x RML-96 produced the highest grain yield (7030 kg ha-1) followed by pro-vitamin A genotypes CML451-B-B/CML323//(GEM-0043 x CML465)-1-1-3-B (6808 kg ha-1), CML451-B-B/CLHP0002-B//(Cel FSR/SPMAT/MBR 9958)-B-32-2-2-B-B (6382 kg ha-1), CML496-B/CLHP0003-B// (CML329/CML20)F2-3-4-B-B-B-B-B (6375 kg ha-1), CML486/CLHP0003-B// (CML329/ CML20)F2-3-4-B-B-B-B-B (6201 kg ha-1), CML551/CLHP0002-B//(P147-F2#152-S7/CML323)-F2-B-1-1-1 (6111 kg ha-1) and CLHP0003-B/CLHP0005-B//CLHP0352 (6095 kg ha-1). Days to flowering, and plant and ear heights of these selected genotypes were at par with previously released improved maize varieties and thus fit into farmers' existing cropping pattern.

Free radical scavenging capacity, antioxidant activity and Phenolic content of gardenia Latifolia

Tamilselvi, K. and Anand, S. P. and Doss, A.

Gardenia latifolia was extracted with ethanol and aqueous using cold-extraction. To evaluate the antiradical and antioxidant abilities of the extracts, four in vitro test systems were employed, i.e., dpph (1,1,diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl), nitric oxide, hydrogen peroxide and reducing power assay. The extracts exhibited outstanding antioxidant activities that were superior to that of standard. The ethanol extract exhibited the most significant antioxidant activities, and cold-extraction under stirring seemed to be the more efficacious method for acquiring the predominant antioxidants. Furthermore, the antioxidant activities and total phenol & flavonoids content of the extracts followed the same order, i.e., there is a good correlation between antioxidant activities and phenolic compounds. The results showed that these extracts, especially the ethanol extract, could be considered as natural antioxidants and may be useful for curing diseases arising from oxidative deterioration.



               Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM