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Comparative study of lactobacillus species in dental caries active subjects

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Author: 
Sonu Singh Ahirwar, Govind Gupta, Vinod Singh and Gupta, M.K.
Abstract: 

Lactobacillus is one of most the diverse group of bacteria. It comprise more than 100 species, this is gram’s positive, non- spore forming, non- motile, catalase- negative bacteria. They are homo and hetro- fermentative bacteria which are produce either gas or acid or both. Isolation and classification of Lactobacillus is most challenging task for researchers. According to previous research Lactobacillus play important role in dental caries progression in children’s age 3-12 years old, S. mutans causes dental caries in children but Lactobacillus provides acidic environment for growth of some aciduric bacteria and degrades enamel and calcium of tooth. In the present study we had isolated Lactobacillus species from dental caries of children and compare in both boys and girls. Total 358 Lactobacillus strains had been isolated from 130 saliva samples of girls and boys. Six species of Lactobacillus, L. acidophilus (10.61%), L. casei (17.31%), L. fermentum (18.99%), L. plantarum (15.08%), L. rhamnosus (25.69%) and L. salivarius (12.29%) were found. In girls; L. planturam (51.85%), L. rhamnosus (52.17%), and L. salivarius (68.18%) were dominant whereas in boys L. acidophilus (55.26%), L. casei (61.29%), L. fermentum (70.58%) were dominant. But L. rhamnosus was most common in both girls and boys so we concluded that L. rhamnosus are play important role in dental caries progression in both sexes.

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