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Detection Of Rubella Virus Among Pregnant Women In Aljazeera State, Sudan

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Author: 
Amar Hassab Elnabi Abdalla Gaber and Amira Eltom Fawzi Osman
Abstract: 

Rubella is a contagious viral infection that in pregnant women leads to the infection of a developing fetus. Pregnant women are not routinely screened for rubella in Sudan. Epidemiological data on rubella is therefore necessary to create awareness and sensitize health care administrators and providers. A cross-sectional study was carried out in Madani antenatal clinics, Aljazeera State between March and May 2017 to determine seropositivity of rubella virus IgG and IgM in pregnant women using enzyme-linked Immunosorbant assay kits. Seropositivity was compared among 80 pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic in Madani. Questionnaires were administered to the women to obtain data on sociodemographics, awareness and knowledge of rubella and possible risk factors. Of the 80 pregnant women, 72 (90%) and 16 (20%) were positive for anti-rubella IgG and IgM antibodies, respectively. None of the possible risk factors studied were significantly associated with IgG seropositivity. Pregnant levels, history of miscarriage and parity were significance associated with IgM seropositivity. The seropositivity of rubella virus antibodies indicates sustained transmission. The presence of rubella IgM and IgG antibodies in pregnant women predisposes fetus to congenital rubella syndrome and confirm the need for the initiation of a national rubella vaccination program in Sudan.

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               Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM

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