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Lead poisoning from cars exhausts among primary school children in Sudan

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Author: 
Fatima A. B. Abdalla, Hythem S. A. Saeed, Abdel Rouf A. Abbas and Abdelmonem M. Abdellah
Abstract: 

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of lead toxicity among students in primary schools of main Sudanese cities.
Design: Data was collected through questionnaires and was statistically analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS), Descriptive statistic, t.test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), mean difference, regression and correlation.
Participant: The sample consisted of 161 participant, taken from children distributed between five provenances in Sudan, using the number of schools localized at the main street that exposed to cars emission and then applying 40 random sampling collections from schools away from Main Street as control.
Methods: The lead poisoning was conducted based on association of official analytical chemist by using atomic absorption and other parameters related to lead toxicities were determined by spectrophotometer.
Results: The poisoning of lead in exposed children was significantly higher at Medani (3.35 μg/dl), Khartoum (3.13 μg/dl), Atbara (3.09 μg/dl), as compared to Eldeweam (2.67 μg/dl) and Elobeid (2.50 μg/dl). There was no significant difference between exposed and control subject in liver enzymes, triacyl glycerol, total proteins, albumin and creatinine as indicator to renal function.
Conclusion: in spite of low lead concentration among participants, these values may cause poisoning in primary school children since affecting liver function.

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               Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM

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