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November 2012

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Seasonal variation in litter fall in an age series Gmelina arborea plantation in a Nigerian rain forest
Ogunyebi, A. O., A. O. Omole and S. O. Bada

The study aimed at investigating the nutrient dynamics of Gmelina arborea stands aged 28, 29 and 30 years planted in a degraded soil in Shasha Forest Reserve, Osun State, Nigeria. Monthly variation in litter fall of Gmelina arborea stands aged 28, 29, and 30 years were studied for 13 months with litter traps in three 20m x 20m plots randomly selected in each stand. Monthly collections of litter fractions per stands were sorted into leaves, twigs, reproductive structures and others. Litters...

Co-operatives: A few words
Bhola Nath Ghosh

The term co-operation is derived from the Latin word co-operari, where the word co means ‘with’ and operari means ‘to work’. Thus, co-operation means working together. So those who want to work together with some common economic objective can form a society which is termed as “co-operative society”. It is a voluntary association of persons who work together to promote their economic interest. It works on the principle of self-help as well as mutual help. The main objective is to provide...

Production of biodiesel from waste deep frying oils as a renewable Energy source
Jong Yang, Abu Saleh Ahmed and Sinin Hamdan

Biodiesel is a non-petroleum based fuel derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. Biodiesel has attracted huge attraction worldwide due to its renewability, biodegradability, and its better gas emission. The process of biodiesel production which converts vegetable oils and fats to fatty acid methyl ester using a short chain alcohol and catalyst called transesterification. A maximum of 92% biodiesel conversion obtained by using 1:4 oil/methanol ratio and catalyzed by KOH. Brake horse power...

Histochemical localization of ß-glucuronidase in some vertebrate tissues
Arun M. Chilke

ß-Glucuronidase is the novel enzyme known to present in the tissues of several vertebrates. It can be detected by biochemical, histochemical and immunocytochemical techniques in bacteria, plant and animal. The traditional method used for histochemical demonstration of ß-glucuronidase is quite tedious and substrate utilized in a given concentration is not affordable to researchers of the developing country. In the present study the attempt is made to improve the localization of ß-...

Study on in-vitro evaluation of fruit of Terminalia catappa Linn as a natural anti-solar agent
Nevade Sidram, A., Sachin G. Lokapure and N. V. Kalyane

The aim of this work was to evaluate UV absorption ability of terminalia catappa Linn in view of a possible application as anti-solar agent. The ethanol extract was prepared by 90% ethanol with maceration process and method was performed by UV visible spectrophotometry in range of 200- 400 nm for this plants. Sunlight stimulates hormone protection, and it allows synthesis of vitamins D promotes skin cell regeneration and contributes to all overseen of well being of individual. The sunlight...

An ethnobotanical study of anti-rheumatic plants in south-western states of Nigeria
Ogunmefun, O. T. and Gbile, Z. O.

Literature is reviewed on rheumatism as a disease and some known therapeutic agents used for its treatment in both orthodox and traditional medicines given. Recipes of traditional remedies obtained from market surveys are also given. The local and common names as well as their medicinal uses are mentioned. An objective listing of anti-rheumatic plants is presented giving their known active chemical constituents as well as indicating in a few cases their pharmacological activities.

An anthelmintic study of Buchholzia coriacea and Gynandropsis gynandra (FAM. Capparidaceae)
Ogunmefun O. T. and Ajaiyeoba E. O.

This paper describes an anthelmintic study of two members of the Capparidaceae family which are Gynandropsis gynandra and Buchholzia coriacea. The worms used in this study were of three types namely Fasciola gigantica, Pheritima pasthuma (earthworm) and Taenia solium (tapeworm). They were used for assessing the anthelmintic activities of the two plants. Piperazine citrate solution (Antepar) (10mg/ml) was included as a reference standard while distilled water was used as the control.

Microbiology of freshly harvested and market retailed cucumber
Josiah A. Lennox and B. J. O. Efiuvwevwere

Some fresh minimally processed fruits and vegetables when eaten raw are sources of most foodborne disease outbreaks world wide . Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is sold along major highways, streets and markets in Nigeria. This vegetable is in very high demand and is eaten raw. The microbial flora and contamination level of the freshly harvested and market retailed produce was investigated. Some of the produce were aseptically harvested in farms in Odukpani area of Cross River State, while...

Decolourization studies of synthetic textile dye using Aspergillus species under static and shaking conditions
Nandhini, R., Vaishnavi V. Koti, Vadanasundari, V. and Rangabhashiyam, S.

Different fungi have the potentials to decolourize complex and recalcitrant organic compounds into simpler fragments achieving complete mineralization. Optilan red dye and Indosol yellow dye belong to an important group of synthetic dye used in textile industries. They are considered as recalcitrant compound for decolourisation. In this work a batch experiment was conducted for the decolorization of optilan red dye and indosol yellow dye using Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus under...

Aquatic pteridophytes diversity of hoshangabad Madhya Pradesh, India
Balendra Pratap Singh and Ravi Upadhyay

Pteridophytes are the seedless vascular cryptogams which occupy a position between the lower non-seed bearing and higher seed bearing plants. They grow in terrestrial, epiphytic, lithophytic and aquatic habitat. The present study mainly focused on the diversity of aquatic pteridophytes of Hoshangabad, Madhya Pradesh, India. The main River in this region is Narmada, which flows in the depression between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges; forming the northern boundary of district. Average rain...

Sol-gel preparation of sulfated titania as nickel supporting material
Aisyiyah Jenie, S. N., Anis Kristiani and Dona S. Kusuma

A series of sulfated titania xerogels impregnated with nickel were prepared by sol gel method with different methods of surfactant cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) templating and characterized by X-Ray Diffraction, Nitrogen adsorption, Fourier Transformed-Infra Red, and Transmission Electron Microscopy. The XRD patterns of the sulfated titania, TS and TS-P, showed anatase phase of titania with TS-P sample having higher crystallinity. While, TS-P/N8 sample, sulfated titania impregnated...

Effects of various organic manure on the growth and yield of maize in asaba agro – ecological zone
Okonmah, L. U.

A study was carried out in 2009 at the Teaching and Research farm of Agronomy Department, Delta State University, Asaba Campus, Nigeria to evaluate the effect of various rates of different organic manures on the growth and yield of maize in Asaba agro-ecological zone. Poultry manure, pig manure and compost manure applied at 0, 4, 8 and 12kg served as the treatments: The experiment was arranged in a randomised complete block design, replicated three times. Generally, the responses of the...

Management of spear grass (Imperata cylindrica L) using different methods of weed control
Okonmah, L. U. and Agbogidi, O. M.

A study was conducted in 2008 at the Research /Training Farm of the Department of Agronomy, Delta State University, Asaba Campus, Nigeria with the objective of identifying the best method to control spear grass weeds at a reduced and affordable cost. The treatments included spear grass + 2 hand weeding, spear grass + Bahama, spear grass + Glyphosphate and spear grass integrated with 2 hand weeding, Bahama and glyphosphate. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design and...

Chronic effects of di (2-Ethylhexyl) pthalate on biochemical indices of liver in female swiss albiino mice mus musculus
Anjali Singh, J. K. Singh, Ravish Kumar and Tanuja

In present study Di (2-ethyylhexyl) phthalate orally administered at the dose of 10 mg/kg/b.wt/day selected on the basis of maximum tolerable dose for a period of six weeks showed very significant changes in liver weight(P<0.01) and body weight(P<0.01) in all DEHP treated groups except two weeks treated mice group . Increase in serum level of SGPT and ALP in DEHP treated group were not significant (P>0.05) in two weeks treated mice while significant(P<0.05) in four...

Effect of lemon juice on the kinectics of fermentation of palm wine
Ekop, A. S., Eyop, N. D., and Elemike, E. E.

The fermentation of palm wine at varying temperature (0,30 and 45oc) have been studied by monitoring spectrophotometrically the absorbance of glucose with Dinitrosalicyclic acid (DNS) at 560nm wavelength for five days. The effect of lemon juice (citrus limonum) as additive on the fermentation was also studied. The introduction of lemon juice shows that the additive inhibits the fermentation of palm wine. The kinetics of uninhibited and inhibited fermentation of palm wine is found to be a...

Microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of soil contaminated with used generator oil
Eze, V. C., Agwung-Fobellah, D. and Nnaji, K.

The microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of soil contaminated with used generator oil were carried out. The media used were nutrient agar, Sabouraud dextrose agar mineral salt agar and mineral salt agar with antibiotics for the isolation of total heterotrophic bacteria total and fungi, hydrocarbon- utilizing bacteria and fungi respectively. The pour plate technique was employed. The total heterotrophic bacterial count ranged from 3.7 x 106cfu/g to 9.7 x 106cfu/g while the...

Handwritten character recognition using multi resolution technique and artificial neural network
Patel, D. K., T. Som and S. K. Yadav

In the present paper, the widely common problem of handwritten character recognition has been tackled with multiresolution technique using discrete wavelet transform and artificial neural networks. The technique has been tested and found to be more accurate and economic in respect of the recognition process time of the system. Features of the handwritten character images are extracted by discrete wavelet transform used with appropriate level of multiresolution technique, then the artificial...

Enumeration and characterization of microorganisms from laboratory effluents in madonna university laboratories, elele...
Eze, V. C. and Korie, V. U.

The enumeration and characterization of microorganisms from laboratory effluents in Madonna University laboratories were carried out. The total aerobic plate count, coliform count, Escherichia coli count and fungal count were investigated using pour plate technique in nutrient agar, MacConkey agar, eosine methylene blue agar and Sabouraud dextrose agar respectively. The statistical analysis used ANOVA. The mean total aerobic plate count for the treated and untreated effluents ranged from...

Rough tilted pad slider bearing lubricated with a magnetic fluid
Shukla, S. D., and G. M. Deheri

The performance of a transversely rough tilted pad slider bearing was analyzed in the presence of a magnetic fluid lubricant. A mathematical model based on stochastic averaging process was developed. The expressions for non dimensional pressure, load carrying capacity and friction were derived. The computed results made it clear that the bearing working with magnetic fluid as a lubricant had a better performance than that of an identical bearing working with a conventional lubricant. In...

Bio-inoculation effect of B. mucilaginosus and organic residues supplementation and enhancement of induced systemic...
Vijayapriya, M. and Muthukkaruppan, S. M.

The bioinoculation effect of two different formulations of COI and biofloc of B. mucilaginosus isolates viz., SSB-8, SSB-11 and SSB-17 together with supplementation of rice residues viz., rice straw, rice husk, and black ash on the induction of systemic resistance against Pyricularia oryzae in lowland rice was studied under pot culture conditions. It was observed that the individual application of B. mucilaginosus cells viz., either COI or biofloc altered the biochemical and physiological...

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