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July 2014

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Solar photovoltaic generation potential and plant capacity in Northern Iraq
Azad Azabany, Khalid Khan and Waqar Ahmed

Energy is an essential requirement globally, a reliable supply of energy is vital for our modern life; nowadays the majority of the energy supply comes from non-renewable energy sources such as fossil fuel. In the last three decades “Global Warming” has increasingly become a major concern for the future of our planet. More dependency and the use of fossil fuel to generate electricity in order to match the rapid power demand due to development of technology and increasing populations have...

Crude oligosaccharides from Alternaria solani with Bacillus subtilis enhance defense activity and induce resistance...
Anupama, N., Murali, M., Sudisha Jogaiah and Amruthesh, K. N

The present study was aimed to find an eco-friendly approach for the management of tomato early blight disease through seed treatment with different concentrations of crude oligosaccharide elicitor of Alternaria solani with PGPR alone and in combination. Seed treatment with the combination of 3 mg/ ml of CO with TN_Vel-35 showed significant increase in germination of 93.33% and 2733 seedling vigor when compared to control as well as individual treatments showing 75% germination and 887...

Effect of extension contact on maize production in kachia local government area of Kaduna state, Nigeria
Ajayi, O. J., Yisa, E. S., Muhammed, Y., Austin, M. U., Jibrin, S. and Tsado, J. H.

This study assessed the impact of extension contact on maize production in Kachia Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 80 randomly sampled maize farmers from four villages in Kachia Local Government Area using a structured questionnaire. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics such as the frequency and percentages, and inferential statistics such as ordinary least square (OLS). The study showed that majority (68.7%) fall between the age...

Cholesterol homeostasis: Lipoproteins in action
Vijaykumar B. Malashetty

Apart from its functions like maintenance of cell membrane fluidity, vitamin D biosynthesis on skin cells, steroid hormones synthesis and neurotransmission in cells of the brain, cholesterol increase may have important impact in normal homeostasis. Atherosclerosis, the resultant effect in hypercholesterolemia is the leading cause of deaths in developed countries. Undoubtedly, the metabolism of lipoproteins serve as an important mode of cholesterol distribution and this review gives an...

PCR based detection of transgenes Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab in mon-15985(BG-II) Bt-cotton in Gujarat samples
Alka Dohare and Tank, S. K.

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the most widely used and accepted analytical method for GM detection. Duplex & Multiplex PCR, a derivative of conventional PCR, is reliable, efficient and cost-effective qualitative assay, as fewer reactions are required to test the transgenic nature of a crop by simultaneously detecting the target sequences of the inserted gene construct, i.e. specific transgene, marker genes, promoter and terminator gene sequences in a single PCR assay. The present...

Phytochemical screening and inhibition studies of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Vernonia amygdalina using...
Majolagbe, O. N., Adebayo, E. A., Aina, D. O., Ajani, A. J. and Adekeye, O. E.

Phytochemical analysis of the ethanolic and aqueous leaf, stem and root extracts of V. amygdalina showed that it contains saponins, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, terpenes and deoxy-sugar in different proportions. Out of the seven (7) phytochemicals present, only three (phenolics, flavonoids and de-oxysugar) were present in all the sample extracts, with variations in the other four (4). Five (5) bacteria (Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, B. megaterium,...

Design modification and field testing of groundnut digger
M. Tauseef Asghar, Abdul Ghafoor, Anjum Munir, Muhammad Iqbal and Manzoor Ahmad

Groundnut is the major Kharief crop of Barani areas in Pakistan. Groundnut yield is the major source of income for these farmers. Groundnut is grown over 0.106 million hectares and resulting the annual yield of 77.6 thousand tons. The average yield of groundnut in Pakistan is nearly 0.88 tons/ha. Conventional diggers/pullers are used to harvest groundnut/peanuts from the soil. These diggers do not shake or invert the crop which is necessary for good threshing after sun drying. The existing...

Climate change on Saroornagar lake, Andhra Pradesh, India
Mary Esther Cynthia Johnson and Olive Kezia Ruth

This paper discussed clearly the range, average and seasonal variations of pH, Dissolved Oxygen, Alkalinity, Bicarbonates, Chlorides, Nitrites, Phosphates and Oxidisable Orgnic Matter in Saroornagar Lake during the years September 2011 to August 2012. Progression of trophy was seen in pH, Nitrites and Phosphates. pH was shifting more towards acidic which may cause irritation to the organisms living in Saroornagar Lake. Nitrites increased 20,000 times and Phosphates 4,150 times. Steps must be...

To do or not to do: A case study on moral dilemma
Shri.Jaya Prakash Rat and Smt.Lopamudra Pattnaik jaya

In our daily life we came across many instances of moral dilemma the most peculiar features of a moral dilemma is that the person has to do both the actions; and possibly the person can do each of the actions; but that the person cannot do both of the action at the same time. The person at that time looks to be in a situation of moral dilemma; it is not necessary that what that person is or was, what position he holds and how much he earns but it is more important that what action he is...

Two stage multi-rate asynchronous sub-nyquist sampling in cognitive radios
Sabitha R.

Multi-rate asynchronous sub-Nyquist sampling (MASS) followed by a two stage sensing scheme for cognitive radios where energy detection is used in the first stage and cyclostationary detection in the second stage is proposed. The detection parameters in both the stages are used s to maximize Probability of detection and to minimize the probability of false alarm. Compared to previous approaches, two-stage MASS offers lower sampling rate, robust against lack of time synchronization, more...

Tannery effluent induced DNA damage in liver and testicular tissues of freshwater fish Channa striatus
Sivachandran, R., Mazher Sultana, Saravanan, R. and Malathy, S.

Various tests in organisms have been utilized for the detection and identification of toxic substances in air, water and soil. The development of comet assay for aquatic organisms is of particular relevance in testing for environmental pollutants. In the present study, the comet assay was applied on fish, Channa striatus. DNA damage was assessed in the metabolic tissue, liver and reproductive tissue, testis. The highest degree of DNA damage and comet % scores were seen in experimental...

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