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Perception on the benefits and burdens of community living around the protected areas: a case study of syaubari buffer zone community, langtang national park, Rasuwa, Nepal

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Author: 
Sherchan, R., Rijal, K. and Bajracharya, S. B.
Abstract: 

Buffer Zone communities living around the National Parks in Nepal have both benefits and burdens. Park office provisions the buffer zone communities, handovers the community forest and shares 30-50 % revenue for conservation, livelihoods and community development. But burdens do exist primarily as human wildlife conflict. 145 households were interviewed in Syaubari community, Langtang National Park, Rasuwa, Nepal to assess the benefits and local perception towards those benefits. Focus group discussion and participatory rapid assessment were applied to collect the data on burdens. Forest inventory was carried out to estimate growing stock. The buffer zone program contributes little as 4% to the household income. However the indirect benefit is substantial as it saved yearly 2,351 days or opportunity cost US$ 11,190 by reducing resources collection time. The growing stock of the forest was 1,065 cf/ha. The total number of stem per hectare is 210. Human wildlife conflict incidences have been increased. The crop damage is the most wide spread. The wild boar and black bear were found to be the most problem animals. Approximately 38-40 hectares of land were fallow. Water holes have been drying up. Artificial water holes should be created. Despite of increased human wildlife conflict, community people were largely unaware of the relief policy of government. Conservation education programs should be launched to create awareness.

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            Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM

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