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Prevalence of stripe rust disease in wheat under rainfed conditions in Jammu region

Author: 
Shahid Ahamad, Banarsi Lal and Amitesh Sharma
Abstract: 

Stripe rust (yellow rust) caused by Puccinia striiformis West. f. sp. tritici is one of the main constraints in realizing the genetic potential of most of the cultivated varieties both in respect of yield and grain quality. The wheat growing areas of Jammu region i.e. Reasi, Udhampur and Rajouri were surveyed to ascertain the distribution of stripe rust, during Rabi seasons of 2013-2014, 2014-2015 and 2015-2016. During 2015-2016, Reasi district recorded the maximum disease severity i.e 14.2% in the range of 12.8 to 14.2 % due to higher temperature. The minimum disease severity was found in 2013-2014 in the range of 10.5 to 11.8% due to perhaps low temperature was found in the region. Low yield of wheat crop was due to lack of availability of high yielding varieties of wheat in the district and infestation of stripe rust disease in the region.

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