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Quantitative analysis of carbon storage capacity in the standing biomass of semi-arid regions of ramdurga taluk, belagavi District, Karnataka

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Author: 
Prabha, S. J., Santhosh Kumar, T. M., Shrinidhi, R. and Megha, M.
Abstract: 

Carbon di-oxide is a major Green House Gas responsible for today’s Global Climatic Conditions ultimately leading to the destruction of ozone layer. In order to reduce the GHG emissions, Carbon sequestration is considered to be a cost-effective way of balancing environmental climatic conditions. Hot and humid climatic conditions of Ramdurga Taluk of Belagavi District supports native and dry land vegetation such as Eucalyptus grandis, Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Acacia suma, Tectona grandis, Tamarindus indica, etc. The study recorded 393 individuals belonging to 22 species and 11 families which are common to the region. Azadirachta indica, Eucalyptus grandis and Tectona grandis are the predominantly recorded tree species in the study area. The Total Biomass of the recorded 393 tree species was estimated to be 50.11 t/tree with Azadirachta indica, Eucalyptus grandis and Tamarindus indica being the trees with highest biomass values. The total organic Carbon sequestration capacity of 393 trees in the semi-arid regions was estimated to be 25.05 t/tree and the total Carbon di-oxide sequestration capacity of the trees in the study area was estimated to be around 6764.16 tonnes with Azadirachta indica and Eucalyptus grandis being the major tree species with the highest carbon storage potential. However, Acacia nilotica, Tectona grandis, Ziziphus mauritiana, Tamarindus indica and Mangifera indica also proved to possess significant Carbon storage capacity as they occur in large numbers and have a fairly higher biomass values. Therefore, carbon sequestration capacity of a tree predominantly depends on the number of individual tree species and its total biomass. The semi-arid dry vegetation also acts as a good reservoir with a fair amount of Carbon sequestration potential.

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