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A review of intestinal helminthiasis in ethiopian school children and the needed efforts for school-based intervention

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Author: 
Gebremichael Gebretsadik and Asmamaw Abat
Abstract: 

Ethiopia is one of the most populous countries in Africa. This huge population, coupled with the absence of basic social amenities, auspicious climatic environment, and weak public health infrastructure favor the transmission of intestinal helminthiasis. Understanding the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections is necessary to plan control strategies and focus on highly endemic regions for preventive chemotherapy and improved sanitation facilities. This paper reviews the prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis among schoolchildren in Ethiopia, associated risk factors and recommended control efforts. To achieve this based on PRISMA guidelines a systematic search of published literature was carried out from the year 2000 to 2017. A careful screening of the identified literature yielded 28 studies that reported the prevalence & at least three intestinal helminths among school children of 7 different states of Ethiopia. Form the 28 research articles, 22, 21 and 14 research findings reported Hook worm, A. lumbricoides, and S. mansonias one of the three most common parasites in the study area respectively. A higher than 20% prevalence for Hook worm A. lumbricoides and S. mansoni was reported from 8 different locations scattered across the country. As WHO recommends School-based mass drug administration to control intestinal helminth infections is a feasible and cost-effective control strategy and when it is accompanied with provision of safe water supply, proper usage of latrine, vector control and health educationa long-term impact can be achieved in Ethiopia.

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

 

               Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM

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