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Study of wetting pattern and depth for different soil types using drip irrigation in the lower Benue River floodplain Nigeria

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Author: 
Isikwue, Martins Okechukwu and Amir, George Senenge
Abstract: 

A field experiment was conducted in the University of Agriculture, Makurdi Nigeria to study the wetting pattern and depth of three different soil types (clay, loamy and sandy) at different flow rates of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 litres per hour (l/h). Drip irrigation was used as water application method to the soil. The results obtained indicated that different soil types have different wetting pattern and wetting depth because of different textural composition. Surface wetted width increased with flow rates across soil types, while wetted depth decreased with increasing flow rates across the soil types. Moisture content afer wetting (irrigation) increased with increase in flow rates and followed the order clay > loam > sand while the wetted width followed the order sand > loam > clay. Analysis of variance also compared the wetted widths or diameters and wetted depths with different soil types and it revealed a significant difference at P<0.05, which indicate that soil type has effect on wetting pattern and depth.

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