Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM
This research aimed: (1) to find out the implementation of Pancasila and Civic Education (PPKn) learning occurring currently; (2) to measure the success of CVCT model in PPKn learning; (3) to analyze the effectiveness of CVCT model in improving the internalization of Pancasila values. This research was taken place in Vocational Middle Schools throughout Solo Raya Indonesia, with teachers and students being the subject of research. The data was collected using test, observation, interview, documentation, and questionnaire techniques. Data validation was carried out using triangulation technique, including method and source triangulations. Meanwhile, data analysis was carried out using interactive, descriptive, critical and comparative techniques and t-test. From the result of research, it can be concluded that: (1) In Pancasila and Civic Education (PPKn) Learning in Vocational Middle School, the teachers had not used an innovative learning model in delivering the learning material. Learning process was still teacher-oriented and material delivery had not been balanced between cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects, however it still emphasized more on cognitive aspect. (2) The use of CVCT model in Pancasila and Civic Education (PPKn learning) could improve the internalization of Pancasila values in Vocational Middle Schools throughout Solo Raya. The internalization of Pancasila valuesimproved because CVCT is an innovative learning model, the learning process was student-centered and emphasized on the balance between cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects, so that it would be attractive and generated motivation for the students.