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Bio-wastes (fish scale and pine cone) based hybrid polymer composites for tribological applications

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Author: 
Sandeep Kumar, Tanya Verma, Bhumika Khatri, Ankit Kumar and Vinay Kumar Patel
Abstract: 

Increased environmental awareness and rising oil prices have contributed to the advance of research on and development of bio-particulate polymer composites. In our investigation we have chosen two natural particulates one is fish scale and other is pine cone to improve the mechanical properties of polymer composites with epoxy resin as the base material prepared by hand lay-up technique according to ASTM standards. The sample compositions of 5 wt% (fish scale/pine cone) and 5 wt%, 10 wt%, and 15 wt% with equal ratio combination of both particulates were prepared. Mechanical Properties such as tensile and hardness, and wear properties of mono-particulate (fish scale or pine cone) and hybrid-particulate composites were evaluated and compared. It was found that tensile strength decreased with increases of filler contents; and hardness behaviour was improved with increase in wt% of particulates reinforcements in epoxy resin. The wear resistance was investigated to improve with increase in weight percentage hybridization of epoxy resin with fish scale and pine cone powder. Improvement of hardness and wear properties mean that these natural fillers containing epoxy polymeric composites are suitable for tribological applications.

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