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Determinants of health status of women employed in agriculture sector

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Author: 
Dr. Varsha S. Zanvar and Aruna R. Kharwade
Abstract: 

This study was undertaken to determine the effect of anthropometry, haemoglobin level and common health problems on health status of 500 women employed as agriculture labourers in Parbhani district of Marathawada region of Maharashtra state. The study revealed that majority of female farm labourers were from nuclear families in urban slums (76.8 %) and in rural (67.2 %). More per cent of rural families (79.2 %) were vegetarian whereas urban slums (69.2 %) were non-vegetarian. Maximum numbers of farm women were belonging to income group Rs. 6001-10,000/- per month. The height, weight, BMI, MUAC, waist circumference, hip circumference and WHR of selected female farm labourers ranged between 150.28 + 5.80 to 151.32 + 4.96 cm, 47.77 + 8.63 to 51.05 + 9.53 kg, 20.87 + 3.42 to 22.52 + 3.98, 24.99 + 3.22 to 26.06 + 3.84 cm, 72.05 + 8.10 to 76.35 + 10.15 cm, 86.13 + 7.63 to 90.55 + 9.10 cm and 0.83 + 0.06 to 0.86 + 0.08 respectively. On the basis of BMI 57.00 to 64.00 percent female farm labourers were categorised as normal. Near about 75 to 80 percent surveyed respondents were suffered with one or other grade of anaemia. Most commonly observed health problem among all selected female farm labourers was pain in legs (45.6%) followed by backache (41.2%), headache (32.4%) and weakness (27.4%).

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            Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM

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