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Screening of serum amylase and lipase status in pregnant women

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Author: 
Sabiu Murtala Dambazau Umar Aliyu Umar and Deepa Singh
Abstract: 

Background: Pregnancy is a dynamic process characterized by dramatic physiological changes. The knowledge of blood parameters is important for assessing the physiological status and health of an individual. Pancreatic enzymes - lipase and amylase play an important role in lipids and carbohydrates metabolism.
Aims and Objectives: This study is aimed at screening the status of amylase and lipase in healthy pregnant female attending anti-natal routine at Vasundhra Hospital and Fertility Research Centre, Jodhpur - India. The level of lipase and amylase were estimated.
Materials and method This is a cross-sectional, hospital based study involving 50 subjects, out of which of 35 were pregnant and 15 nonpregnant all aged from 18 to 55 years, age – matched pregnant and nonpregnant women of jodhpur (devoid of diabetes, urinary tract infections, renal or liver disorders), attending anti-natal Department of Vasundhra Hospital and Fertility Research Centre, India, during the period of February 2016 to May 2016. The data were collected following standard procedures and statistical analysis was done using ANOVA and Pearson correlation.
Results and Discussion: All the adults age ranges at 18-55. There is statistically insignificant different in serum level of pancreatic enzymes in pregnant women (117.22±20.52: 44.44±16.13) when compared with nonpregnant ones (120.09±13.37: 37.63±3.34) for lipase and amylase respectively, as such, pancreatic enzymes were found to be within the normal ranges and there are no marked differences between the study groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Majority of the screened pregnant women attending VHFRC while conducting this study are at no risk of developing acute pancreatitis, because the levels of the pancreatic enzymes estimated were at normal level as such there is no risk of pancreatic disease.

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