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Topographical distribution of laryngeal cancer

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Author: 
Rajnee Malhotra, Sumeet Angral, Ritu Raj and Deepakshi Angral
Abstract: 

INTRODUCTION: Laryngeal cancer which is about 2% of all the malignancies occupies an important position amongst all head & neck cancers, since it effects speech and language. Laryngeal carcinoma is predominantly a male disease. The exact cause of laryngeal cancer is unknown. Prognosis is inversely related to N Stage and M stage and persistence of the disease at the primary site. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate socio- demographic – characteristics, site and subsite distribution of Laryngeal cancer as well as the stage of Laryngeal cancer time of presentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Deptt. Of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, SMGS Hospital Govt. Medical College, Jammu extending over a period of one year from Nov, 2014 to Oct.2015, comprising of 50 patients. Detailed clinical history, clinical examination (including Indirect laryngoscopy and neck examination) was carried out in all the case. Other incestigations like routine investigatins, CT scan, Barrium swallow, direct laryngoscopy were also undertaken. Biopsy was taken from all the fifty patients for histopathological confirmation of diagnosis and for categorizing the type of tumour. RESULTS: CARCINOMA LARYNX occurs commonly in age group of 50-70 years,with male predominance and is more in smokers. Supraglottic carcinoma was the most common type of malignancy seen (62%), followed by glottic in 34% cases and subglottic in only 4%. Aryepiglottic was the most common subsite. Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common type of lesion seen histologically.

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            Prof. Dr. ISMAIL YILDIRIM

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