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October 2015

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A critical review of gonadotropic activity of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin
Nikki Kumari, Taruna Arora, Sharmila Basu Modakand Kambadur Muralidhar

The equine placental hormone (eCG), otherwise also referred to as Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin (PMSG, the serum component) is a glycoprotein hormone with the highest content of carbohydrate among the pituitary and placental gonadotropins. Studies have revealed that PMSG acts like Luteinizing Hormone (LH) in mare/horse but exhibits both LH and Follitropin (FSH) like activities in heterologous animal species. PMSG is the most used hormone for induction of super ovulation in a number of...

Thermal decomposition of benzaldehyde diperoxide in isopropyl alcohol, effect of solvent polarity
Mariela I. Profeta, Jorge M. Romero and Nelly L. Jorge

The thermal decomposition reaction of 3,6-difenil-1,2,4,5-tetroxano (benzaldehyde diperóxido, DFT, 0.001M) in isopropyl alcohol solution studied in the temperature range of 130.0-166.0°C, follows a first-order kinetic law up to at least 60% DTF conversion. The organic products observed were benzaldehyde, benzoic acid and molecular. A stepwise mechanism of decomposition was proposed where the first step is the homolytic unimolecular rupture of the O-O bond. The activation enthalpy and...

Dynamics of human-tiger conflict in corbett landscape, ramnagar forest division, a current scenario
Sanjeev Kumar

Human-tiger interaction is an important issue around the world. Now the movement of tiger in human-dominated landscapes or Human movements in tiger-dominated landscapes both are troublesome and dangerous for man and tiger. Dwelling of man in the forest for domestic purpose (fuel wood, fodder, livestock grazing etc.) in one hand and movement of tiger in human-dominated for livestock predation or easy prey leads conflict. There may be another ecological cum sociological of such type of...

Characterization of flock structure, breeding objectives and culling criteria in sudanese native chickens
Mohyeldein Adam Berima, Ibrahim AbdelsalamYousif and Ibrahim Ali Ishag

The present study aims at investigating flock structure, breeding objectives and culling and selection criteria of Sudanese native chickens. A survey was conducted in three regions namely Kordofan, Blue Nile and Gedaref, where in each region 3-5 districts were randomly considered. A structured pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data households about Sudanese native chickens reared under rural conditions. A total of 209 households were interviewed and the data were analyzed using...

A comparitive study of effectiveness OF 400µgm of sublingual misoprostal vs 0.2mg of i.v methyergometrine in third stage bleeding
Dr. Vijaya Lakshmi, J. and Dr. Soumini, G.

The third stage of labor is the most crucial stage of labor as in it lurks more unheralded treachery than in the first two stages combined. It carries with it the potential dangers like postpartum hemorrhages, retention of placenta, shock, pulmonary embolism and uterine inversion. 200 cases of vaginal deliveries conducted in Government General Hospital, Kakinada, were studied from November 2013 to October 2014. The current study is aimed at determining the efficacy of 400micrograms of...

Effect of arm movement without specific balance control training to improve trunk postural control in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy
Md. Sadique Khan, M.P.T. and Patitapaban Mohanty

Introduction: One of the key features of children with Cerebral palsy (CP) is deficient postural control. Poor postural control significantly affects activities of daily living. It has been hypothesized that training focused on task completion with no explicit instructions provides better postural alignment, weight shift and balance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of arm training without specific balance control training in improving trunk postural control in children with...

Microencapsulation of fenugreek seeds oil and curry leaves oil using simple coacervation and its application in shampoo
Snehal Morea, Jayashree Gade and Jyotsna Waghmare

There is new trend in market for cosmetics prepared from herbal extracts. Natural and ecofriendly products are becoming increasingly popular. Fenugreek seeds and curry leaves are cheap source of herbal extract having very good properties for hair growth, hair strengthening, reducing hair loss and retaining hair conditioning. The essential oils of curry leaves and fenugreek seeds are volatile, it need to be coated with stable coating material for proper stability during storage and processing...

Kinetics and mechanism of direct conversion of methane into methanol reaction on moo3 (010) catalyst: a simulation study
Mehrnoosh Dashti

In this investigation, kinetics and mechanism of heterogeneous direct catalytic conversion of methane into methanol over MoO3 (010) surface was studied using computer simulation. The rate of CH3OH formation (TOF) was determined under different reaction conditions and . The presence of H2O was found essential for selective CH3OH production. According to this analysis, the TOF was increased with increasing and reaches a maximum value at 9.2 ratios. The order of reaction with respect to...

Botanical anthelmintics
Dr. Veerakumari, L.

Helminth parasitism especially gastrointestinal parasitism is one of the major health problems severely limiting the animal productivity in dairy animals. Chemotherapy is a major treatment modality used for the control of helminth infection in livestock. However, due to increasing development of anthelmintic resistance and the limited availability of commercial drugs to the rural people as well as the high cost of such synthetic medicines, a growing interest in the ethno-veterinary approach...

Influence of bio fertilizers and chemical fertilizers on the exo-morphological characters of Vigna mungo (Linn.) hepper
Rekha, G. S., Maheswari, V.N., Srikumaran, M.P., Elumalai, D. and Kaleena, P.K.

The influence of bio fertilizers and chemical fertilizers (NPKS) on the exo morphological characters of black gram (Vigna mungo). The soil quality was monitored during the experiment followed by growth and productivity. In a vermicompost 50% there has been a significant improvement in soil qualities in plots treated with vermiwash 10% and chemical fertilizer (NPKS). The growth and yield of black gram was significantly higher in pots treated with vermicompost 50%. The bio fertilizer can be...

The impact of investment and development performance of industrial zones on people’s livelihood: Evidence from a survey conducted in Thai Nguyen province, Viet Nam
Le Thi Yen and Pham Van Hung

This article was undertaken to examine the impact of investment and development performance of industrial zones on the livelihoods of the resident people, with 230 selected households interviewed to collect data including 123 households whose land was withdrawn for the construction of the industrial zones, and other 107 households without land loss but living around those areas and affected by the development of the industrial zones. The research results show that there are similarities...

Screening of telfairia occidentalis hook in crude oil contaminated soil amended with goat dung using physiological indices
Etukudo, Mbosowo. M., Osim, Samuel E. and Okereke, Ifeoma. J.

Selected physiological indices were used as screening tool in evaluating the response of Telfairia occidentalis Hook to crude oil polluted soil amended with goat dung. Pollution treatment was obtained by mixing two kilograms (2kg) of sandy-loam soil with 100ml of crude oil, alongside a control treatment- 0ml (unpolluted soil). The organic supplement was added at the rate of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 kg to 100ml level of crude oil polluted soils and placed in perforated polythene bags. Three (3)...

Growth and development response of callus segments of irvingia gabonensis aubrey-lecomte, ex o’ rorke using tissue culture techniques
Etukudo, Mbosowo, M., Roberts, Eneni, M. I. and Udo, Joseph I.

Growth and development response of callus segments of I. gabonensis were examined using tissue culture techniques. Explants were aseptically placed and inoculated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) callus induction medium of full-MS, 1/2 MS and 1/4 MS strengths, each supplemented with the following concentrations of plant growth regulators (PGR); To (control) - treatment without plant growth regulator, T1 - treatment containing 0.1 mg/l kinetin + 2.0 mg/l NAA, T2- treatment containing 0.2 mg/l...

Pollution risk of groundwater in rivers state: A function of lithology and pollutant load of the area
Tamunobereton-ari, I., Amakiri, A.R.C. and Ngeri, P.A.

The hydrogeological-environmental study undertaken in this work was to establish the influence of lithology and pollutant loading to the vulnerability and pollution risk of groundwater. Five case study centers were chosen for a comprehensive work. Water samples were taken and measured for taste, colour, odour, hardness, turbidity, temperature and pH. Geoelectric cross-sections from VES and core samples from borehole drilling at the study sites were used to establish the lithologic sequence...

Extreme lipaemic diabetic ketoacidosis in an undiagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus teenager
Ganesh Kasinathan and Sirajudeen Rowther

This case report describes the presentation of a 17 year old female teenager who presented with a three day history of colicky central abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. She denied any fever and had no significant past medical history. She is known to have a strong family history of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Physical examination revealed severe dehydration. She was tachycardic with a feeble pulse. Her bedside capillary blood sugar was 21mmol/L with an arterial blood gas showing severe...

Time series analysis of vegetable production and forecasting using arima model
Arivarasi, R. and Madhavi Ganesan

In the present study, time series analysis was used to assess the trend of vegetable production in terms of acreage and production in the feeder zones of Chennai city. The trend of two zones [(zone 1 -Kancheepuram district) & (zone 2 -Thiruvallur district)], was evaluated by the statistical (Paired t) test. Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Model was used to forecast the area and production of vegetables in the selected zones. From the analysis, the ARIMA (0, 1, 2) model...

Manural values and pollution abatement study of effluent and sludge generated from biogas digester run on vegetable waste
Vishwas Shankar Patil and Hanmantrao Vitthal Deshmukh

Excessive use of chemical fertilizers has led to the environmental pollution by causing soil salinity, heavy metal accumulation, water eutrophication, nitrate accumulation and air pollution. Thus, there is urgent need to use organic fertilizers for sustainable development of agriculture sector. Production of biogas and manure through anaerobic digestion serve as means of recycling of organic matter. Vegetable waste generated in large quantities in markets can be used for production of biogas...

Studies on the population density for the Fifth instar larvae of the commercial silkworm, Bombyx mori L
Reddy P. Lakshminarayana, Babu, M. A. Shanthan, Ravi, G., 1Sujatha, B., Satyanarayana, B. and Sankar, S. Naik

Population density during the ultimate larval instar stadium is one of the crucial issues for successful commercial cocoon crop of the mulberry silkworm, Bombyx mori L. Experiments were conducted with two commercial silkworm hybrids; one from the multivoltine x bivoltine hybrid, PM x CSR2 and the other from the bivoltine x bivoltine hybrid, CSR2 x CSR4 to examine the optimum population density requirements for commercial rearing during fifth instar larval period. Results clearly indicated...

Emergency medicine societies in USA; An overview
Nader Mutair, Zohair Hawsawi, Khalid Al Aboud, Abdullah Alshehri

Scientific societies played a major role in the advancement of medical specialties including emergency medicine. In this concise review, we shed some light on the current non-profit membership-based emergency medicine societies in USA. The role of these societies can be enhanced by proper utilization of modern technologies. There is always a potential for improving the educational activities of these societies.

Identification of meloidogyne species attacking chickpeas in Nakuru County, Kenya
Kimani, I. M., Muthamia, J. M. and Otaye, D. O.

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is a rich source of nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, mineral ions and vitamins. Chickpeas crop yield has been affected by root knot nematodes infestation which account for approximately 13% of crop loss. Four main Meloidogyne species, namely M. hapla, M. javanica, M. arenaria and M. incognita attack chickpeas. In Kenya, chickpeas are cultivated after the main crops. This study was conducted in a glass house to characterize and identify the root...

The digital expression through the pixelometría and holography, geometry of biological importance, deteccion of vascular pattern, digital optical biopsy
Zarate, J.O., Folgar, M.A., Pelayes, D., La Carta, G. and Alvarado, M.

The geometry of the pixels indicates a certain combination of dimensional Euclidean and elliptic, especially with 3D options that are allowed in a construction scheme Riemannian geometry. But the truth when applying laws neofísica is that these distinctions You are influenced by the existence of sub Character differential colorimetric as the subpixels red green and blue, like the stuck pixels and dead. The monitors or standards which are expressed by colors and resolution have come to the...

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