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June 2017

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Cryptococcal meningitis in an immunocompetent young male
Himanshu Khutan, Pragati Grover, Shipra Galhotra, Monica Arora and Vidhi SINGLA

The incidence of cryptococcal infection is high in developing countries like as in India. Cryptococcal meningitis is considered rare in immunocompetent patients and is mainly a disease of immunocompromised patients. Cryptococcal meningitis in immunocompetent patients are less likely to be fatal, because of the powerful immune response. Here we present a case of cryptococcal meningitis occurring in an immunocompetent host with no definite underlying diseases and no history of taking...

Republic of macedonia, most favorable country for the production of oriental Tobacco
Silvana Pasovska and Stevco Dimeski

Macedonia is a country where traditionally the best oriental tobaccos are grown, despite the known regions in Turkey, Izmir and the area of the Sea of Marmara, where there are environmental conditions for producing quality oriental tobaccos. Republic of Macedonia is a small continental country on the Balkans and it is a "golden triangle" in the production of oriental tobaccos and is a longtime relatively stable traditional producer compared to the countries that surround it and that are...

Economics of carbon sequestration in south kheri forest division of Uttar Pradesh
Uma Shanker Singh

Forests have been an integral part of any biological ecosystem and it has been damaged to the level that now it is not only important for our revival but it’s a question of our survival. The deforestation is a major problem worldwide on account of various factors. The conversions of forests to other land uses is responsible for around 10% of net global carbon emissions .The estimates of the net release of carbon at the global level are highly uncertain. The estimates of annual carbon...

Assessment of ozone variations and meteorological effects in an urban area in the Jabalpur region
Pavan Gautam and Srivastava, R. K.

Ozone concentrations are valuable indicators of possible health and environmental impacts. However, they are also used to monitor changes and trends in the sources of ozone. For this purpose, the influence of meteorological variables is a confusing factor. This study presents an analysis of a year of ozone concentrations measured in a Jabalpur city. Firstly, the aim of this study was to perceive the daily, monthly and seasonal variation patterns of ozone concentrations. Diurnal cycles are...

Square clinical epidemic of the distemper canine and their incidence in mongrel dogs infested with the stump vdc sa3 in the guaranda canton, bolívar province, Ecuador
Jorge Jagger Segura Ochoa, Jaime Wilfrido Aldaz Cárdenas, Rigoberto Fimia Duarte, 4Juan Ramón García Díaz, 1Jenny Janeth Segura Ochoa, 4Rafael Armiñana García Nancy Guadalupe Aldaz Cárdenas and César Augusto Barberán Barberán

The objective of the investigation consisted on determining the epidemic clinical incidence of the Distemper canine in mongrel dogs infested with the stump VDC SA3 in the Guaranda Canton, Bolívar Province, Ecuador. The investigation was developed in the Veterinary hospital "Canine and Felines" of Guaranda, during the period understood among the years 2013 at the 2015. The study embraced a total sample of 1 970 canines for the clinical diagnosis of the illness, while in the case of the...

Chemical constituents and antibacterial activities of the leaves of ehretia cymosa
Bezabih Bagaje, Yadessa Melaku and Tegene Dessalegn

Phytochemical screening result of the methanol and ethyl acetate extracts of the leaves of Ehretia cymosa (Borginaceae) revealed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, terpenes and steroids. Phenolics were detected neither in the methanol nor ethyl acetate extract. The EtOAc extract after silica gel column chromatography has led to the isolation of two isomeric triterepnes identified as α-amyrin and β-amyrin. This is the first report of the isolation of α- and β-amyrin from this...

Mycological assessments of postharvest rot of irish potato tubers from selected market within kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria
Mohammed, S. S. D., Ndalati, A.G., Wartu, J.R., Afangide, C.S. and Aigbogun, E.I.

The mycological assessments of postharvest rot of irish potato from selected market within Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria were carried out. Fifteen (15) tubers of irish potato showing symptom of rot were collected from (4) four different market, totaling sixty (60) samples all together. The selected markets were; Ungwan rimi, Malali, Chechenia and Kaduna State University (KASU) school markets. Segment of the tissue from the margins of the spoilt irish potato were cut with sterile scalpel and...

Estimation of radiation dose for pediatric patients undergoing x-ray examinations of the chest and abdomen
Mahmoud Hyder, Mohammed A. Alkreem and Ahmed Abukonna

Pediatric radiography is a challenging procedure from the perspective of radiation dosage. Children are approximately ten times more sensitive to radiation-induced cancer than middle-aged adults and three times more sensitive than the population average. A total of 100 patients were enrolled in this study. ESDs were evaluated for the chest posterio-anterior (PA) projection and abdomen anterio-posterior (AP) projection. For each studied examination, the patient anthropometrical data (sex, age...

Accurate solutions of first order nonlinear initial value problems for ordinary differential equations Withtherunge - Kutta - Fehlberg Method
Teka Bogale and Aknaw Hailemariam

This paper applies the fifth order Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method for solving nonlinear first orderinitial value problem. The proposed method is quite efficient and practically well suited for solving these problems. In order to verify the accuracy, we compare numerical solutions with the exact solutions. The numerical solutions are in good agreement with the exact solutions. The stability analysis of the method has been investigated. Three model examples are given to demonstrate the...

Modified forms of natural zeolites– clinoptilolite and heulandite as an effective catalysts for synthesis of acetylsalicylic acid
Tsiuri M. Ramishvili, Vladimer G. Tsitsishvili, Nino G. Kokiashvili, Vakhtang M. Gabunia and Natia M. Inanashvili

The solvent-free o-esterification of salicylic acid (SA) with the acetic acid anhydride (AAA) in the acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) was studied over the modified clinoptilolite (CL) and heulandites: natural heulandite itself (HEU) and monomineral natural heulandite (HEU-M) of Dzegvi and Akhaltsikhe (Georgia) deposits, respectively; simultaneously decationized and dealuminated forms of catalysts were prepared by acid leaching of initial zeolites. It was demonstrated using the methods of...

Electric vehicle impact on greenhouse gas emissions in united arab emirate
Ahmed Kiani

The United Arab Emirates is clearly facing a multitude of challenges in curbing its greenhouse gas emissions to meet its pre-allotted framework of Kyoto protocol and COP21 targets due to its hunger for modernization, industrialization, infrastructure growth, soaring population and oil & gas activity. In this work, we focus on the bonafide zero emission electric vehicles market penetration in the country’s transport industry for emission reduction. We study the global electric vehicle...

Overall impacts of mining on the state economy of goa: A comparative perspective of pre and post mining ban periods
Dnyandev C. Talule and Guruprasad R. Naik

The Mining has been playing an important role in the economy of Goa. It is foreign exchange earner for the country and contributor both to the state exchequer and the GSDP of Goa before the post Shah Commission ban was imposed in Sept. 2012. Recently, it has been designated as the industry at par with tourism. It has provided trigger to boost the local economy of the mining taluks. Certain natural factors like the presence of coastline, a very good natural harbour situated at the Mormugao...

A study of diurnal and seasonal variation of particulate pollutants (pm10 and pm2.5) and air quality index in Jabalpur
Kalpana Sagar and Srivastava, R. K.

Particulate pollutant gives harmful effects to our environment as well as human beings and became one of the main causes of the cultural heritage deterioration. The research is focuses on the particulates at the Jabalpur city. The BAM (Beta Attenuation Monitoring) instrument is used for analyzing sample coarse and fine particulate matter (PM10 & PM2.5). Jabalpur it is a fast growing city and in one of five biggest city of Madhya Pradesh air quality parameter as PM10 and PM2.5 was...

Comparing dissolution kinetics with traditional in vitro study approach for different commercial brands of ibuprofen and paracetamol tablets
Ayman Allahham, Abdur Rashid, Alsayed fathallah, Husam Ismail, Saud Abdul Aziz and Ahmed khalaf

The objective of this study was to compare between the in traditional in vitrotesting and dissolution kinetics of selected commercial brands of ibuprofen and paracetamol tablets. Ibuprofen (400 mg/Tab) and paracetamol tablets (500 mg/Tab) from the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) pharmaceutical market were evaluated for hardness, friability, uniformity of weight, disintegration and dissolution profiles. The study indicated that there is a correlation between the different in vitro tests...

Synthesis of the 2-(trichloromethyl)-4(1h)-quinazolinone nucleosides
Laila M. Break

2-(Trichloromethyl)-4-(1H)-quinazolinone1. have been ribosylated by coupling with 1-O-acetyl-2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-

Penetration resistance of sandy loam soils in arid regions as affected by tillage systems and polyacrylamide under two different percent of fine soil particles
Nidal H. Abu-Hamdeh, Saleh M. Ismail, Samir G. Al-Solaimani and Randa I. Hatamleh

A field experiment was carried out at Agriculture Research Station of King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia to study the effect of fine particles, tillage system, and polyacrylamide application rate on the soil penetration resistance during the two seasons (2015/16 – 2016/17). Experimental design was split-split plot with four replications. Main plot included two percent of fine particles, (A = 25.2 silt + clay) and (B = 38.5 silt + clay). Sub-main plots included three tillage...

A systematic review on the prevalance and management of jaundice through dietary modifications
Shelly Garg, Dr. Luxita Sharma and Dr. Puneeta Ajmera

The objective of this study is to find the widespread prevalence of the disease across the world along with its causes, people who all are affected and results of this disease. Jaundice is most severe in Asian male babies along with the Native American babies; both are found to be the most affected ones with the neonatal jaundice followed by Caucasian ones which are further followed by the African ones. So, it’s necessary to know about jaundice in different age groups and what can be the...

Vibrio alginolyticus emerging food born pathogen
Ravikumar, V. and Vijayakumar, R.

Vibrioinfections are becoming increasingly common worldwide. Pathogenic Vibrio’s cause 3 major syndromes of clinical illness: gastroenteritis, wound infection and septicemia. Vibrio alginolyticus is a natural host estuarine and coastal waters as well as sea food and cannot be eradicated in these niches. This bacterium capable of carrying the pathogenic gene trh is a threat to public health. Epidemiologic data suggest that the majority of these infections are foodborne and associated with...

Effect of carbon nanotube and nanofiber on microcement mortar properties
Yazdani, N. Ph.D., Narasimha Alimeneti, P. E. and Tanvir Manzur, Ph.D.

Carbon nanotubes (CNT) and nanofibers (CNF) are among the toughest and stiffest materials discovered to date. Their use in cement composites is not wide spread yet and is of great interest. In this study, some important physical and mechanical properties of microcement mortar with CNT and CNF addition are investigated. Various water cement (w/c) ratios and CNT/CNF dosage rates were explored. The compressive and flexural strengths increased significantly at early ages with CNT/CNF addition...

Channel planform migration architecture of meandering rivers
Zhipeng Lin, Le Chen, Jingfu Shan and Qianjun Sun

The planform migration architecture is the basis for the reconstruction and restoration of the sedimentary evolution of the paleochannel, as well as the premise for forecasting the migration trend of the river. This paper aims to figure out the regularity of the planform migration structures of a meandering river, and historical satellite images are acquired primarily through Google Earth and ACME Mapper. Through the characterization on Irtysh River, which is relatively in the considerable...

Examining drug trafficking as supplemental income among hispanic immigrants: A cultural perspective
Amber Francis, Tracy Carpenter-Aeby and Victor G. Aeby

North Carolina is ranked as the 10th most impoverished state for children in the US. Over 40% of the Latino populations under 18 live in poverty in eastern North Carolina. Each family member must contribute resources, playing an essential role supplementing the household income. Many families work in the tobacco and produce fields, yet must ear additional income to survive. Migrant families need children to contribute to the income. As a result, children may suffer multiple consequences...

To calculate the dis-assembly rate by using the production rate philosophy of adamaged cars/ auto vehicle whose dumped in the warehouses (a waste management philosophy)
Mohammad TariqueJamali

In this study we develop the dis-assembly production rate formula on the basis of production line analysis and calculate the disassembly production rate as well as disassembly lead time. This formula and calculation is useful for designing the new disassembly production line of a damaged car/ auto vehicles. And these random data is also useful for setting the robotic arm to operate the disassembly the damaged car / auto vehicle and also develop the software for microprocessor in disassembly...

The importance of scientific education and technology
Dr. Iwasan D. Kejawa

Nearly thousands of scientific experiments are performed both on humans and animals every year in the United States (Gregory, 1999). Does Science enormously play a role in the wellbeings of individual in the society? Research has found that science education is through motivation and satisfying the needs of humans. The scientific world is part of an elongated human development. This can be substantiated with the use and evolution of TECHNOLGY and SCIENCE (Minton, 2004). Education of the...

Training effects of morocco's economy: Estimation by linkage techniques
Nouzha ZAOUJAL

An industry can have a, more or less important, effect on the economy, in terms of additional value added and created employment opportunities. A variation in the production of a given industry can be caused by a variation in the final demand of its product, or it may be caused by the variation of the intermediary demand. Hence, two types of effects are identified: Forward effects and backward effects. Linkage techniques, using multipliers, are an interesting tool to quantify these effects,...

A study on factors affecting purchase decision based on awareness, affordability, adoptability and availability in reference to hul and fmcg companies in rural India
Mohd Shuaib Siddiqui and Dr. Aftab Alam

Marketing is an organizational function and a set of processes for creating, communicating and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stake holders. According to Kotlar “Marketing is a social and managerial process by which individuals and groups obtain what they need and want through creating, offering and freely exchanging products and services of value with others”. Rural Marketing is defined as any marketing...

Influences of fasciola infection on hemato-biochemical parameters in egyptian buffaloes
Mohamed Saied, M.M.

Aim: This study was performed to unmask the hematological and biochemical alterations occurred in blood and serum of infected buffaloes, respectively.
Material & Method: A total of 50 blood and serum samples were collected from infected as well 10 non-infected buffaloes during the ante-mortem examination. Animals were bled from the jugular vein into 10ml vacutainer tubes containing EDTA (Ethylene DiamineTetraacetic Acid) for the estimation of various haematological parameters and...

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