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June 2016

Studies on the wort properties of some improved sorghum varieties using partially purified alpha amylase produced by Aspergillus oryzaeusing brewers’ spent grains
Amechi S. Nwankwegu, Chidiebere R. Irondi, Martin O. Anagboso, Chinwe J. Aneke, Nsikak S. Awah and Emmanuel I. Obika

Solid-state fermentation (SSF) was carried out to produce α-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae using spent brewing grains (SBG) as substrate. The extracted enzyme was subjected to partial purification by ammonium sulphate fractionation. Maximum specific activity was obtained at 70% fraction. It was optimally active at pH 5 and 50°C by using 1% starch as substrate concentration. The partially purified α-amylase loses activity rapidly above 50°C but was retained in the presence of Ca2+ at...

Superposition of cosmic radiation waves as the source of the hessdalen light phenomena
ChristianOpdal Eid

The light phenomena of the Norwegian valley of Hessdalen are one of several unexplained light phenomena around the world. Scientists have investigated it since 1981 without a proven theory of what causes the phenomena. In this article, the superposition of cosmic radiation due to local distortion of Earth’s magnetic field is investigated as the source of the phenomena. Hessdalen has been shown to have special characteristics in the low end of the electromagnetic spectrum and this could...

Thermoexergetic study of cardiac system: Case of some healthy women and some healthy men of Democratic Republic of Congo
Kunyima, A. B., Lusamba, S. N., Kunyima, M.B. and Kabele, C. N.

The heart rhythm is beneath the supervision of the nodal tissue which encompasses the Keith flack node, the AschoffTawara node and the Hiss bundle. Keith flack node, in the right auricle wall emits an impetus that propagates. In 1/10 of second the influx reaches the AschoffTawara node and after another 1/10 of second, the influx reaches the Hiss bundle leading it to the ventricles in order to entail their contractions. Can it be said that this impetus from Keith flack node has undergone an...

Thermoexergetic study of cardiac system: Case of some healthy women and some healthy men of Democratic Republic of Congo
Kunyima, A. B., Lusamba, S. N., Kunyima, M.B. and Kabele, C. N.

The heart rhythm is beneath the supervision of the nodal tissue which encompasses the Keith flack node, the AschoffTawara node and the Hiss bundle. Keith flack node, in the right auricle wall emits an impetus that propagates. In 1/10 of second the influx reaches the AschoffTawara node and after another 1/10 of second, the influx reaches the Hiss bundle leading it to the ventricles in order to entail their contractions. Can it be said that this impetus from Keith flack node has undergone an...

Differential enthalpy, potential revealer of cardiac power and work power from the nodal tissue
Kunyima, A. B., Lusamba, S. N., Kunyima, M.B. and Kabele, C. N.

The blood can be considered as a real fluid flowing in fixed vibrating myocarde canal. Its ejection during the left ventricular contraction is the phenomenon hereby studied. The left ventricle has been taken as a checking volume encompassing one part of aorta. The limit of this thermodynamic system is dotted and situated under endocarde. The blood in this closed ventricle is considered in stationary state. A vent connects the left ventricle to the aorta and the system receives the work power...

Epidermal growth factor receptor mutations in lebanese non-small cell lung cancer patients
Mahmoud Mohamad El Homsi, Mohamad Mortada, Bilal Kalaaji, Mohamad Ezzedine and Khodor Haidar Hassan

Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) is the major subtype of lung cancers (85%) which is the leading cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. Advances in personalized medicine and in our understanding of the tumor biology along with the identification of special molecular alterations have allowed the development of new treatment approaches for NSCLC, thus providing a marginal improvement in responses and overall survival (OS). Small tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), which target the tyrosine...

Science and technology communication in India: historical and contemporary perspective
Brinder Kumar Tyagi, Sreedher, R. and Gopichandran, R.

Science and Technology communication (S&T Com) is gaining increasing recognition as an area of activity, research and policy. In the Indian context, science communication covers a wide range of activities to promote rational thinking among the fellow citizens by bringing science closer to people. The paper discusses the framework of S & T communication as a discipline with academic rigour. It also discusses the roadmap for consolidation based on the rudiments of such a framework...

Playing with numbers through radio waves
Ujjwala Tripti Tirkey and Dr. Sreedher, R.

The rise of Community media in India has opened an opportunity to reach the rural and semi urban community. One can see a transition from a deficit model to participatory and contemporary model. The paper discusses a mass media communication intervention in the context of efforts already being done in the area of development issues with the community. One such issue is developing their mathematical skill in their day to day activities. As a result, 'Radio Mathematics' was born as a one-year...

Robotic assisted therapeutic technological aids (RATTAA) as an alternation to physical therapy for locomotor disabled: a review
PardeepPahwa, NeerajMadhukar and ManjeetSaini

Robotic devices can be used by physical therapists in conjunction with traditional physiotherapy methods. The use of robotic devices holds great promise to enable persons with disabilities to achieve and maintain their functional independence. The goal of therapy robotic aid is to help patients recover from different forms of accidents and maladies. Robotic systems are classified into two categories: Physical therapy training robots and Robotic aids for people with disabilities....

Antibiotic resistance in Bacteria-A menace
Madhumita Ghosh Dastidar and Razia, M.

Antibiotic resistance in microorganisms has become a critical health issue and has evolved to become a worldwide health threat. Over a decade, the resistance level of bacteria has increased many folds due to various factors, accounting to the added pressure on the environmental pollutions. When bacteria become resistant to an antibiotic, that medicine becomes less effective. Medical treatment of people infected with drug-resistant organisms can become more complicated, leading to longer...

Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay and its variants for the analysis of DNA-protein interactions
Sushil Kumar, Anuj Chauhan, Arvind Sonwane, Subodh Kumar, Sanjeev Shukla and Ran Vir Singh

The chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay is a powerful method for probing protein-DNA interactions within the natural chromatin context of the cell is versatile enough for adaptation for a variety of purposes. This assay can be used to identify multiple proteins associated with a specific region of the genome, or the opposite, to identify the many regions of the genome associated with a particular protein. It has been exploited for mapping the localization of post-translationally...

Oral manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus disease
Dr. Sarfaraz padda, Dr. Amandeep Singh, Dr. Gaurav Goyal, Dr. Bhawandeep kaur, Dr. Preeti and Dr. Rajan

Oral lesions are among the earliest clinical manifestations of human immunodeficiency (HIV) infection and are important in early diagnosis and for monitoring the progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Common or notable HIV-related oral conditions include candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia, periodontal diseases such as linear gingival erythema and necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and ulcerative conditions including herpes...

DESIGN SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF EVAPORATOR USING CHEMCAD
Dr. Sameer M. Wagh, Divya P. Barai and Megha H. Talwekar

CHEMCAD can perform complex design sensitivity analysis in short time, record and recall information with consistency and speed. One of the important process activities in chemical engineering is the concentration of the liquor in an evaporator. Parameters that determine the performance of a calandria evaporator are outlet concentration of liquor and steam economy. These parameters are studied by performing variations in designing parameters of the calandria evaporator using CHEMCAD. The...

Health risks of soft drinks-a review
Tholupunuri Monica Jyothi

A soft drink is a drink that typically contains carbonated water, a sweetener, and a natural or artificial flavoring. The sweetener may be sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit juice, sugar substitutes, or some combination of these. Soft drinks may also contain caffeine, colorings, preservatives, and other ingredients. Interest in soft drink consumption has increased following a dramatic rise in intake over recent years. Rise in the number of people preferring soft drinks shows a rise in...

Prevalence of antibiotic resistant e. coli from drinking water samples of mysore district
Roopavathi, C., Mamatha, S. S. and Raju, N. S.

Water-borne diseases are the leading cause of deaths in developing countries. Among the coliform Escherichia coli is used as the principle indicator for drinking water pollution monitoring and plays an important role in the sanitary analysis of water. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics leads to antibiotic resistant E. coli in drinking water. In this study microbial quality of drinking water at the point of use has been evaluated in different taluks of Mysore district and it was found that the...

Influence of enhanced uv-b radiation in in-vitro propagation of black gram cultivars
Periyakaruppiah, P., Eyini, M., Rajarathinam, K. and Jayakumar, M.

Callus induction was tried with leaf explants harvested from control and UV-B irradiated six cultivars of Vigna mungo (Vamban 1, Vamban 2, Vamban 3, Vamban 4, Vamban 5 and Vamban 6) to study their callus fresh weight and dry weight. Callus induction was recorded in Vamban 1, Vamban 2, Vamban 3, Vamban 4, Vamban 5 and Vamban 6 both from control and UV-B leaf explants harvested. UV-B delayed callus induction and depressed biomass accumulation. However, the callus fresh weight and dry weight...

Study on carbohydrases in beetle onitis philemon (Fab.)
Bhawane, G. P., Gaikwad, Y. B., Mamlayya, A. B. and Gaikwad, A. R.

Characteristics of ten carbohydrases from midgut (MG) and hindgut (HG) were studied in male and females of dung beetles Onitis philemon (Fab). Most of the carbohydrases showed their optimum activities at pH - 7.2. Enzymes cellulase, trehalase showed optimum pH 5.6 and 6.0. The pH optima of both maltase and invertase was 6.8. Temperature optima for all the carbohydrases which were studied in both guts and sexes occurred at 45oC. The Km values of amylase in MG and HG of male dung beetles were...

Enhancement of nutritional and sensorial attributes of murukkus by accompaniment of malted finger millet (eleusine coracana)
Karnika Prakash and Dr. Rajni Chopra

Food is a most essential surviving tool fulfilling the basic requirement of hunger and also preserves essential nutrients for good health. Market is flooded with variety of Ready to eat products which are calorie dense foods as well as poor nutrient source. Malting process awakens/activates the enzymes, resulting in the conversion of starch to fermentable sugars, partial hydrolysis of proteins other macromolecules hereby increasing the bioavailability of nutrients. In the present study,...

The effect of temperature on deactivation for e.coli bacteria
Rana Talib Al-Ani

An atmospheric cold plasma needle was developed for deactivation the Escherichia coli (E.Coli ). The bacteria showed that the plasma jet could effectively deactivate of E.Coli bacteria within ( 5 min.) and the sterilizing efficiency depended critically on the discharge parameter of the applied voltage and distance. The plasma sterilization mechanism of E.Coli was attributed to the active species of OH, N2 + and O, which were generated abundantly in the plasma jet. Our findings suggest a...

Supporting project management with the use of software engineering data
Raed Abduljabbar Aljiznawi and Naseer Hwaidi Alkhazaali

Based on software data from a software development project, a number of analyses have been carried out. The results discovered the reasons for cost overruns, showed how effort planning could be refined during development, and identified a relationship between the quality of the design documents and the effort consumed for their production. This provided an insight into the development process and establishes norms for interpreting metrics values obtained in future projects. In this way, it...

Platelet rich fibrin: revival with barricades
Dr. Amita Agarwal, Dr. Isha Singh Tomar and Dr. Aditiya Sinha

In dentistry the paradigm has shifted from repair to regeneration. This is possible using various regenerative procedures. Over the years, newer approaches in surgical regenerative procedures have evolved, Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) or second generation platelet concentrate is an autologous material containing all the constituents of a blood sample which are favorable to healing and immunity is one such approach. When compared to the use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), PRF has advantages that...

Science and Technology: A boon for special people
Annu Singh and Richa Verma

Science and technology is more important for special people than any other because they can perform various tasks which they usually cannot due to their physical limitation which may be in the form of inability to move, hear etc. The role of technology in early detection, deterrence and rehabilitation is unquestionable and there is no doubt that technology helps special people in gaining increased independence, mobility and ambulation, access to employment, improved their quality of life as...

Fatal kikuchi fujimato disease in association with SLE and review of literature
Dr. Tanushri Mukherjee

Kikuchi Fujimoto’s disease (KFD) is a rare, immune-mediated, self-limiting disorder and is sometimes associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), has got unique histopathology, usually seen in young Asian females. However no case was found to have a fatal outcome. We report a case of a young female who presented with pyrexia of unknown origin, facial rash, and lymphadenopathy and was diagnosed with Kikuchi Fujimoto’s disease based on lymph node biopsy; result supported a diagnosis of...

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